Call it a mallet toe, a claw toe or a curled toe; refer to it as an abnormal bend or foot deformity, it still is one of the most common bone deformities in all foot problems and is known as the Hammer Toe.
Hammer toe is a bending of the toes (usually the second toe) into a hammer like shape at the first joint of the digit. It is formed when the middle joint becomes dislocated and the toe moves into a claw-like position. This deformity starts out as mild but progressively gets worse over time due to arthritis and wearing shoes that don’t fit properly. In medical jargon it is referred to as the permanent flexion at the mid-phalangeal joint of one or more toes.
There are two types of hammer toes:
- Flexible hammer toe: occurs when the toes are flexible and can move. Several treatment options are available
- Rigid hammer toe: occurs when the tendons in the toes become rigid and press the joint out of alignment. This usually requires surgery
- A high foot arch
- Ones genes – at times
- A toe injury
- Having calluses, bunions or corns
- Tightened ligaments or tendons in the foot
- Wearing ill-fitting and high heeled shoes
- Inward bent toe
- Corns or calluses
- A toe joint swelling and becoming an angry red color
- Pain on the ball of the foot under the bent toe
- Difficulty walking
- The inability to stretch or wiggle ones toes
Treatment for Mild to Severe Hammer Toes
- Wearing correct footwear
- Wearing insoles to alleviate pain due to a high arch
- Buying non-medicated hammer toe pads
- Gently flexing and massaging the toes
- Ice packs to reduce painful swelling
- Medical advice for reducing inflammation
- Cortisone injections for acute pain on doctor’s advice
- Splinting the toe in the early stages
- Surgery (normally on an outpatient basis)
Tailoring treatments to the patient’s requirements is top priority at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC and we provide the best treatment options to help rid you of your pain. If your hammer toe is getting progressively worse and you realize that medical help is necessary, schedule an appointment with our team of professionals in any one of our five locations; for New Jersey residents, Fort Lee and Ringwood and our New York residents, Queens, Woodhaven, Brooklyn and Forest Hills. For more information call us at 201- 363-9844.
The Board Certified Podiatrists at The Foot and Ankle Centers of Fort Lee are conveniently located in 6 offices spanning the state of New York and New Jersey.
The Foot and Ankle Centers get calls and inquiries every day from people who are affected by ankle related injuries. The same people are almost always trying to figure out a way to enjoy the physical activities they love without damaging their awesome bones. This is the reading material you should start with, when you are concerned about your glorious ankle joints. So read on to avoid ankle issues such as ankle sprains or ankle breaks.
The Amazing Ankle
An ankle is a fascinating conjunction that brings together 3 bones called tibia, fibula and talus. The simple, three-bone structure is connected by flexible cartilage, stretchy ligaments and thin delicate connective tissues. The amazing trifecta of bones is the very same structure that enabled humans to stand erect, which also means that ankles are at least partly responsible for our status on the food chain, which is of course the top position.
Being number one is a beautiful thing.
Thank your ankles for all their hard work by taking good care of them. Read on, for a few suggestions to keep your ankles at their best.
- Hydrate from within. Drink at least 3 medium sized bottles of water a day. Just do it! Your ankles need moisture to prevent arthritic progress, to sooth cramps and to keep your blood actively coursing through.
- Use caution when running, jumping or any other high-impact physical activity. Bend your knees with every jump, every landing and every step you take when walking, jogging or sprinting. Think of your knees as a suspension system with action similar to a spring. Bend with the down motion, and bounce like a spring, back up. This movement softens the trauma that our ankles would otherwise have to suffer through. If you stiffen up at the knee your ankle grows weak and deteriorates quickly. Springy motion is an ankles best friend.
- Rotate, point, flex, relax. Gently engage your foot and lower calf muscles. Switch! Repeat!
- Stretch slowly while you rotate your foot in circular motion for 5-10 rotations, and repeat this at least twice, daily. Point your toes, flex the foot, then relax all the muscles for a moment and repeat. Ankles are perfect, pivoting, power-parts, and moving your joints is the best way to warm up for a vigorous day, and it is a great way to strengthen your ankles, and tops of feet.
- Wear shoes that offer strong support to the bottom of your ankle joint. Most lace up tennis shoes have another, unused shoelace hole, and that is how high you should tie your shoes to truly protect the ankle from sprain or worse.
- Visually inspect your ankles every day at morning and again at night to compare the
- size and shape of the skin and veins, to monitor for changes in color, to check for
- swelling and to simply admire the awesome ankle, for what a great ankle it is.
- Regularly Scheduled visits with your Favorite Podiatrist will help you maintain great foot and ankle health. Our Board Certified Podiatrists make house calls too- so if you cannot travel easily, we will come to you!
- Dr. Greg Khaimov, Dr. Daniel Pollack, Dr. Yakov Haimof and Dr. Walter Majdanski will improve the way you view modern medicine, because The Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee provides a level of care that surpasses all others in their specialty.
- Schedule an Appointment!
Our Podiatrists look forward to meeting your needs and wish to remind the residents of New Jersey and New York that we offer ankle and foot care from the simple stuff all the way to the most complex topics in Podiatry.
What is a wart?
They can be hard and flat, black or brown and mostly show up on the bottom of your feet. Although they are rather harmless they can be treated very easily in our office.
How will I know if it’s a wart?
The first sign is seeing an unexplained bump on the bottom of your foot or on a toe. They can be mistaken for corns or calluses because they tend to have layers of dead skin around the area that becomes irritated. But a foot wart will reoccur in the same spot if not treated right away.
How did I get one?
Probably from a locker room or a public pool. The human papillomavirus (HPV) can find its way into your foot through a cut or bruise and lives in public showers, pools and then is happy to settle into your athletic shoes. It spreads quickly if you let it so it is best to get treatment right away.
How do I get rid of them?
- Cover your cuts to keep any potential infections away from your feet.
- If your feet are dry then the wart can’t survive, they love the moist environment so kill them with dryness.
- Try not to share personal items like socks, shoes or towels with friends.
- Avoid touching the wart too much as it can encourage the infection to spread and cause more warts.
- Barefoot is fun but unfortunately it comes with some risks. Walking around in public places opens the door to the virus. Flip flops are always recommended in public areas and are the next best thing to naked feet.
Schedule an appointment with our team of professionals in any one of our five locations; for New Jersey residents, Fort Lee and Ringwood and our New York residents, Queens, Woodhaven, Brooklyn and Forest Hills. For more information call us at 201- 363-9844. Don’t be a worry wart and call us for a treatment today!
This is a very sensitive issue for your nose. It can be socially embarrassing and awkward when it’s time to expose those stink bombs after taking off your shoes. If you’re thinking the answer is to just keep your shoes on, think again. Your shoes can be the number one reason for foot odor.
The two reasons for foot odor that go hand and hand or shall we say feet to feet in this case, is that your sweat interacts with the bacteria in your shoes and socks which creates an intense odor. To fix the problem and the causes. Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee suggests several ways to control your odor problem.
Stop the stink:
- Try not to wear the same pair of shoes two days in a row. Alternate them so they have time in between jogs to dry out. If the odor doesn’t go away then the sneaker needs to go away.
- Use thick soft socks to help with moisture absorption and change them often throughout the day if they become too wet.
- Add a nonmedicated baby powder or foot powder to your feet before slipping on your shoes.
- Keep away from nylon socks or plastic shoes as they do not allow much space for your feet to breathe and release moisture.
- Check for fungal infections often to make sure you have not developed athlete’s foot. You will notice redness or dry skin in between your toes.
If odor still sneaks it way back into your sneakers then the next step is to see a podiatrist. This is when treating foot odor calls for different measures. Your feet have a lot of sweat glands and besides the uncomfortable social effects this condition can become painful if not treated.
Treat your feet at home:
- Soak your feet in black tea because the tannins can be very effective with this disorder.
- Wash your feet with white vinegar and let it fight the bacteria that surrounds your toes.
- Use a pumice stone to remove dead skin since that only adds to the bacteria which adds to the odor, etc. etc.
If these tips fail it may be time to call our team and schedule an appointment for an examination. If odor persists you may suffer from Hyperhidrosis, a condition which is inherited and causes excessive sweating in the feet and hands. Simple life changes like hormones can trigger this condition along with stress, and some medications. We have five locations between New Jersey and New York and can be easily contacted at 201-363-9662 to get treatment today so your feet smell better tomorrow!
Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee knows that your feet need to carry you through the day. And if they are not cooperating, you may want to ask yourself these a few simple questions to see if there is something more to your foot discomfort or pain.
- Do you feel like your feet have pins and needles poking into them?
- Do you have sores on your feet that are not healing right away?
- Have you noticed a slow growth pattern in your toe nails or toe hair?
- Are your feet cold while the rest of your body is at the right temperature?
- Have your feet become pale or changed in color to a light red or blue?
Life does not always allow the time or convenience to maintain your feet but Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC can provide you with the treatment you need if you can identify with one or more of the following symptoms:
- Unhealthy lifestyle decisions
- Not exercising enough or not exercising at all
- Being overweight or obese without making changes to lose weight
- Poor food and meal choices
However, there are some helpful steps you can take to prevent poor foot circulation that does not require a huge change in your daily lifestyle:
- Good foot hygiene and taking care of your corns and calluses right away
- Inspect your feet for change in color or sores that have not healed
- Wear proper shoes that do not create pressure on parts of your feet
- See your doctor to treat wounds or infections before they become worse
If numbness or tingling in your feet occurs you may be at risk for more serious diseases. Some of these habits associated with the symptoms can cause an irregular blood flow to your organs or muscles and create permanent nerve damage. This could lead to problems such as diabetes, kidney damage or strokes. If this is something you are questioning it is time to call one of our offices in Fort Lee, Ringwood, New Jersey or Brooklyn, Flushing or Forest Hills, New York at 201-363-9662 for an appointment. Circulation is vital to good health and our feet need to keep moving for us to keep moving!
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