Having calluses and cracked heels is a common foot problem that is usually just a minor annoyance for the majority of people and some thick skin is essential and beneficial to the proper cushioning and protection of your feet. However, when calluses get too thick and start cracking and bleeding, they can be very painful and make it hard to walk. A heel fissure can develop possibly leading to an infection and even amputation in severe cases.
Some of the causes of cracked heels include the following:
Standing and walking on hard surfaces all day for work
Being overweight adds pressure to your feet and can split your heel
Skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema
Wearing shoes that have an open back
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
Blood circulation problems
Drinking sufficient healthy liquids (and avoiding sugary beverages and alcohol) throughout the day will help keep your skin hydrated. Consuming or applying omega 3 fatty acids is also good for the skin.
Some treatments for cracked heels include the following:
The hard skin needs to be removed carefully with a file or pumice stone to avoid bleeding
Holding cracks together with strapping will help them to heal faster
Custom orthotic shoe inserts like the heel cup are effective at preventing the heel from expanding and cracking
Creams and ointments will help rehydrate the skin
If you need help with cracking heels, consult with the foot doctors at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Our team of board certified podiatrists includes Greg Khaimov, DPM, FACFAS, Daniel Pollack, DPM, FACFAS, Walter Majdanski, DPM, AACFAS, Yakov Haimof, DPM, Mathew Yagudayev, DPM, AACFAS, and Kevin Jeong, DPM. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!