Posts for tag: surgery
A severe break to your foot or ankle can happen in a wide variety of situations. It’s no wonder that fractures of the foot and ankle are among the most frequent problems seen in podiatrist’s offices.
While professional athletes are certainly more susceptible to a bone fracture due to the grueling stress and physical demands of their sport, people who perform lower stress routines are susceptible to breaking a bone in the foot or ankle as well. Accidents and falls are one of the major causes of foot and ankle fractures. Fractures can also occur from the stress of being on your feet all day for work or from dropping something heavy on your foot.
The type of fracture that you have experienced depends on the varying degrees of force that affect the bones and by the location and movement of the various pieces of bone that have been displaced.
The five major types of fractures that can affect the feet and ankles include the following:
- Compound—When you see a bone breaking through the skin it is called a compound fracture which is the worst type and requires surgery to repair.
- Comminuted—This is the name of a fracture that is broken into many pieces and extensive reconstruction is needed using screws and braces.
- Oblique—This type of fracture occurs on a diagonal across the foot.
- Transverse—This type of foot fracture includes a horizontal injury.
- Stable—A fracture is stable when the bones are not severely displaced. This is the easiest type to treat.
If you have experienced a traumatic injury to your foot or ankle consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Your Achilles tendon, which is the largest tendon in your body, is essential for doing everyday activities like walking and climbing stairs. So when you have an injury to this tendon (which connects your heel bone to your calf muscle), the resulting pain and discomfort can be extremely debilitating, causing a condition known as Achilles tendonitis.
The Achilles tendon is thick and tough, but it has a hard job to do. This tendon often becomes inflamed, swollen, and tender from repetitive stress and the pressure of overuse. As with all tendon strains, immediate attention to the problem will help to avoid a worsening of symptoms and will speed the recovery process and avoid downtime.
Achilles tendonitis is a common condition in athletes, dancers, and anyone who is on their feet all day doing repetitive motions. All the stress can combine to severely overload the tendon, causing stretching or possibly even completely breaking the tendon. When that happens, a loud snap is often heard followed by extreme pain.
For a more minor Achilles tendon pull, continuing to perform the exercise that caused it can rapidly increase the severity of the condition. It’s best to stop and evaluate the damage before continuing.
Treatments for less severe Achilles tendonitis include the following:
- Rest and elevate the affected foot to reduce swelling and pain
- Hot and cold compress therapy can help
- Physical therapy exercises to stretch the calf muscle are useful in many cases
- Custom orthotic inserts can redirect pressure away from the heel area
- Low-impact activities like swimming should be substituted until the tendon heals
For a severely stretched or torn Achilles tendon, surgery may be necessary for complete healing to occur. If you are having problems with Achilles tendonitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Heel pain that is often most noticeable first thing in the morning is one of the telltale signs of plantar fasciitis. The symptoms may occur only occasionally in the beginning. But by continuing to perform the activity that causes the stress to the plantar fascia, the condition can become worse as the tiny tears get larger and the pain in the heel becomes debilitating.
While being on your feet all day may be unavoidable, there are ways to improve your foot support and mechanics to avoid the injury in the first place.
3 potential causes of plantar fasciitis that you can treat proactively include:
- Poorly fitting shoes and improper arch support—Wearing unsupportive shoes with improper arch support is one of the major contributors to developing this condition.
- Being overweight—Carrying extra pounds increases the pressure to the plantar fascia, especially when the arch isn’t properly supported.
- Calf muscle problems— High-heeled shoes contribute to a multitude of foot and ankle problems. These shoes cause the calf muscle to shorten and tighten which can lead to weakness in your plantar fascia. Try to limit the amount of time spent wearing pumps and other high heels, or better yet just stop wearing them altogether. Your feet will thank you.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis include:
- Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation
- Stretching and strengthening exercises for the calf muscles and Achilles tendon
- Being sure to wear properly-fitted shoes with good arch support
- Immobilizing the foot with a rigid boot while healing occurs may be necessary in severe cases
- Surgery may be required for serious tears to the plantar fascia.
If you are experiencing the arch and heel pain of plantar fasciitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you experience a break where a ligament separates from the bone and a small section of bone pulls away with it, then you have suffered an avulsion fracture. Younger athletes whose bones are not yet fully developed are more susceptible to these types of fractures, and they often occur at the elbows, hips, or ankles.
Due to the extreme stress on their feet, dancers are affected by this type of injury, and often in the fifth metatarsal bone that connects to the pinky toe. Rest, ice, a compression bandage, and elevation can treat a minor avulsion fracture. However, for more severe breaks, surgery may be needed.
Symptoms and signs of an avulsion fracture to the foot include:
- Rapid onset of intense pain
- Pain fluctuates with your activity intensity
- Inflamed, bruised, and tender tissue at the location of the break
- A protruding piece of bone may be evident
- You are unable to put weight on the foot
Treatment for an Avulsion Fracture
See your foot doctor right away for a physical exam and evaluation. Images studies made using X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans may be necessary to determine the extent of the damage. In the case of a displacement, the bones will need to be surgically aligned and reattached. A rigid boot is worn to immobilize the foot so healing can occur.
Physical therapy exercises will help to increase the strength and flexibility of muscles, ligaments, and tendons after the initial immobilization and healing period.
If you have suffered an avulsion fracture, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!