Posts for tag: physical therapy
The bunion is a common big toe deformity that is easily identifiable from the bony bump that forms on the top or side of the big toe joint. As the bunion matures, the big toe is bent into the other toes with a lot of force causing rubbing, blisters, and even underlapping and overlapping toes. You inherit the tendency to develop bunions from your parents, but pressure from your footwear can increase this tendency.
Wearing tightly-fitting shoes or pumps that cramp your toes together in the front of the shoe will accelerate the formation of bunions and other toe deformities like hammertoes. People who have flat feet and arthritis are also more susceptible to getting bunions.
3 relatively simple treatments for bunions include the following:
- Wear properly-fitted shoes with a wide toe box—The pressure and rubbing from poorly fitting shoes contribute to bunion severity and also cause blisters and corns to develop. Wearing properly-fitted shoes with a wide toe box will allow the bunion room to move without the extra friction.
- Physical therapy exercises—Many types of stretching and strengthening exercises are appropriate to help keep the toe joints flexible. Two of these are toe scrunching exercises and picking up small objects with your toes.
- Braces and orthotic inserts—A splint that pulls the big toe away from the other toes can be worn during sleep to help move it into a straighter position. Your foot doctor can create custom orthotic shoe inserts that work to straighten your toes and keep them apart.
If your bunions continue to become more painful, surgery may be necessary. For the proper treatment of bunions, consult with the foot doctors at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Our team of board-certified podiatrists includes Greg Khaimov, DPM, FACFAS, Daniel Pollack, DPM, FACFAS, Walter Majdanski, DPM, AACFAS, Yakov Haimof, DPM, Mathew Yagudayev, DPM, AACFAS, and Kevin Jeong, DPM. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Twisting and spraining your ankle is a very common injury. Even a minor sprain can cause swelling and may be very painful due to all the nerves and other sensitive components that make up the feet and ankles. Always rest an ankle after twisting it to allow the symptoms to dissipate. That will give you a more accurate idea of the extent of the damage.
Since individuals who have had a previous ankle sprain that wasn’t treated correctly are more susceptible to having future sprains, always see your foot doctor and follow recommended procedure for a full recovery. An ankle that has had several sprains that were not treated properly can become chronically unstable, leading to poor balance and an increase in falls, especially in the elderly.
Your foot doctor will check for any broken bones, tendon strains, and other ligament and tissue damage. An x-ray can be used to check for breaks and an MRI may be necessary to look for any soft tissue problems.
Treating a sprained ankle properly will include the following procedures:
- The RICE method—This is the universal treatment protocol for many foot and ankle injuries and includes Rest, Icing, Compression, and Elevation.
- Pain treatment—Pain relievers like Tylenol and ibuprofen can be taken in moderation to help reduce discomfort and swelling.
- Don’t walk on the foot—You will have to take the weight off the foot with crutches or even a wheelchair to allow proper healing to commence.
- Immobilizing boot—A properly fitted rigid boot will often be required to keep the ankle joint stable as healing occurs. This boot can be removed while resting.
- Physical therapy—Exercises for the feet and ankles will restore strength, flexibility and stability and will increase range of motion.
Ask your podiatrist about advanced laser therapy for pain relief and more rapid healing. If you have suffered an ankle sprain, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The deformity called hammertoe gets its name because of the propensity of the middle toes to bend into the shape of a hammer due to muscle and tendon imbalances. These imbalances are actually hereditary, but they can become exacerbated by stress and pressure. Shoes like high heels that push your toes together are a major cause of toe deformities like hammertoes and bunions.
Hammertoes are more flexible and more easily straightened in the early stages of the condition. Seeing your podiatrist at this stage will allow you to effectively treat your hammertoes without the need for surgery. A variety of methods are used to stretch and hold the toes in a straighter position.
Some excellent early hammertoe treatments include the following:
- Properly-fitted shoes—Always have your shoes properly fitted to provide the right combination of cushioning and support. A wide toe box is essential for giving your toes room to move without creating friction against your footwear and to allow room for pads and orthotic inserts.
- Physical therapy—Strengthening and flexing your toes with regular therapy exercises will help straighten toes and maintain flexibility in the joints, muscles, and tendons. Toe extension and towel scrunching are excellent exercises for this purpose.
- Padding and custom orthotic inserts—Orthotic shoe inserts can redirect pressure from the bent toes and aid in straightening. A variety of cushioned pads are available to help reduce rubbing against the corns that often form on top of hammertoes.
When hammertoes have become more advanced, it may be necessary to have a surgical procedure to correct them. Depending upon how rigid and bent your toes have become, several options are available that you can discuss with your foot doctor.
If you are having problems with painful hammertoes, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you experience a break where a ligament separates from the bone and a small section of bone pulls away with it, then you have suffered an avulsion fracture. Younger athletes whose bones are not yet fully developed are more susceptible to these types of fractures, and they often occur at the elbows, hips, or ankles.
Due to the extreme stress on their feet, dancers are affected by this type of injury, and often in the fifth metatarsal bone that connects to the pinky toe. Rest, ice, a compression bandage, and elevation can treat a minor avulsion fracture. However, for more severe breaks, surgery may be needed.
Symptoms and signs of an avulsion fracture to the foot include:
- Rapid onset of intense pain
- Pain fluctuates with your activity intensity
- Inflamed, bruised, and tender tissue at the location of the break
- A protruding piece of bone may be evident
- You are unable to put weight on the foot
Treatment for an Avulsion Fracture
See your foot doctor right away for a physical exam and evaluation. Images studies made using X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans may be necessary to determine the extent of the damage. In the case of a displacement, the bones will need to be surgically aligned and reattached. A rigid boot is worn to immobilize the foot so healing can occur.
Physical therapy exercises will help to increase the strength and flexibility of muscles, ligaments, and tendons after the initial immobilization and healing period.
If you have suffered an avulsion fracture, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
When it comes to foot therapy, many patients will turn to typical methods such as physical therapy to get themselves back on their feet. One alternative called reflexology, however, is a practice that--despite its intrigue--has been around for many years. Reflexology works on the principle that applying pressure to the feet can ease pain elsewhere. Many clients of reflexologists use the therapy to ease pain throughout the body, such as the back, the head, or the stomach.
Foot therapy is necessary for those recovering from both foot deformities and foot injuries. If you have concerns regarding therapy, speak to Dr. Greg Khaimov, DPM of Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Dr. Khaimov can answer any of your podiatric questions.
Most common injuries
People who are constantly on their feet are prone to a variety of injuries. Therefore, it is important to take part in physical therapy in order to get back on the right track quickly.
What to do when injured
Physical Therapy – This specialized treatment will focus on the affected area, speeding up recovery and the overall healing process. This is important for those wanting to get back into the game quickly. It is a proven method that has helped millions of people return from any injury.
During physical therapy you will undergo regimented training to get back into full form. Training is often very difficult, especially at first when the foot feels weak. These are some steps physical therapy often involves:
- Basic stretching & twisting exercises – getting the feet’s mobility and flexibility up.
- Massaging – the therapist will massage the injured area in order to activate the muscles and relax them.
- Strengthening Exercises – this allows the muscles in the affected area to regain their full strength, a vital step towards full recovery.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Fort Lee, NJ, Flushing, NY and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.