Posts for tag: hammertoes
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Foot and ankle problems can become more difficult to treat as they progress. Since a foot or ankle problem may often be a sign of a systemic health problem, it is all the more important to get a proper diagnosis from your podiatrist and to pursue the recommended treatment, thus avoiding any chronic or more debilitating problems down the road.
Your feet and ankles form the foundation that the rest of your body depends upon for walking, running, and standing. With the myriad of bones, ligaments, tendons, and tissues in your feet and ankles that can sustain an injury, it is always best to have regular exams performed by your foot care professional to treat and prevent problems early and to help you experience your best foot and ankle health.
6 of the many reasons you should consult with your podiatrist include:
- Severe pain—If you have pain in your foot or ankle that doesn’t improve after several days of rest, icing, compression and elevation, you need to see your foot doctor immediately to check for the cause.
- Color changes to the skin or toenails—Skin and toenail color changes may be an indication of a fungal nail infection or possibly skin cancer.
- Toe deformities—Toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes need to be treated by your podiatrist before they worsen and require surgery.
- Skin abnormalities—Your podiatrist can expertly treat skin conditions such as corns and calluses without causing further complications from accidental cuts.
- Numbness, tingling, and swelling—These symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions including diabetes, gout, and peripheral artery disease.
- Cuts or wounds that don’t heal quickly—Individuals battling diabetes have to be especially careful with cuts and scrapes since ulcerating infections can quickly occur and amputation of a toe or foot can rapidly become necessary.
If you are experiencing pain and discomfort in your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The condition of an ingrown toenail is also called onychocryptosis. An ingrown toenail can be a severely debilitating problem, especially when it occurs in multiple toes simultaneously on both feet which can cause a never-ending battle with painful swelling and infections.
It isn’t always obvious that an inward growing toenail is the cause of your pain and discomfort. Symptoms include swelling around the nail and minor bleeding. If you notice redness, yellowing, and a warm feeling in the skin around the toe, there may be an infection that needs to be treated right away to avoid more serious complications including possible amputation.
The causes of ingrown toenails often include the following:
- Proper nail cutting technique—The main cause of a toenail growing into your skin is from improper cutting technique. Be sure to cut straight across and not too short so the nail edge remains away from your tender skin.
- Injury—When your toe experiences trauma such as by dropping a heavy object on it, it can cause the nail to grow into your skin.
- Poorly-fitting shoes—Narrow toe boxes can increase the pressure on the toes causing this condition and a variety of others including bunions and hammertoes.
- Fungal toenails—This infection can cause a nail to become enlarged and brittle and make it more likely to grow into the skin.
Treating ingrown toenails involves the following:
For the less severe type of ingrown toenails, warm water soaks and antibacterial medications may be enough to correct the issue. Inserting a small piece of cotton under the edge of the nail can help to prop it up and allow the nail to grow correctly. For severely infected or painful ingrown toenails, your podiatrist can often perform an outpatient procedure involving the numbing of the toe and removal of the ingrown piece of nail.
If you are currently experiencing problems with ingrown toenails, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
While physical therapy is often used to improve the rate of recovery from an injury or surgery, it can also be used to alleviate the discomfort and pain of a wide variety of conditions and even helps to prevent injuries from occurring in the first place, thus avoiding surgery. Physical therapy can be very effective when used in the treatment of a variety of conditions including hammertoes, arthritis, bunions, flat feet, tendonitis, and chronic ankle pain and instability.
Here is a list of some of the benefits of physical therapy
- Preventing injuries from falls—Balance and coordination problems are responsible for a very large number of falls each year. Some of these can be prevented through physical therapy exercises that increase ankle strength, flexibility and mobility.
- Avoiding the need for surgery—An adequate regimen of physical therapy can often avoid the need for surgery and the resultant long recovery process.
- Pain management—A variety of exercises and methods can be used to decrease pain and discomfort.
- Strength and flexibility improvement—Specific exercises to slowly increase the strength and flexibility of muscles and tendons can help you get back on your feet after a surgical procedure, and to help prevent a repeat injury.
Types of physical therapy
Some of the therapies and treatments you can discuss with your foot doctor will include the use of hot and cold compresses, physical manipulation, stretching and flexibility exercises, taping and splinting, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, and deep tissue laser therapy to help energize and increase the speed of the healing process.
A physical therapy program can be created with your unique foot and ankle needs in mind, and your foot doctor can help design and implement this plan and monitor your progress and compliance. If you are interested in a physical therapy regimen, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A hammertoe deformity is characterized by one or more of your middle toes abnormally bending at the joints, causing the toe to take on the shape of a hammer, hence the name. Because of the rubbing of the bent toe on your footwear, you may also notice corns, calluses, and other problems like blisters forming in response.
Hammertoes result from an imbalance between the tendon and muscle that usually hold the toe in the correct position. The imbalance can be inherited and is often exacerbated by wearing high heeled shoes or ones that don’t offer enough arch support. Damage to the foot from an accident or injury or from arthritic complications can also cause or exacerbate hammertoes.
Hammertoes do not improve on their own, so it is important to visit your foot care professional for treatment.
Conservative treatments for hammertoes include:
- The right shoes—Low heeled shoes with a roomy toe box will help relieve the pressure that is contributing to the bending of the toe.
- Strapping and splinting—These devices can be used to realign the bent toes.
- Medications—Steroid injections and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or other medications can reduce pain and swelling.
- Stretching—Exercises such as picking up small stones with your toes can help increase strength and flexibility.
- Orthotics—Specially-fabricated shoe inserts can control the imbalance between the muscle and tendon that is causing the toe to bend in the first place.
- Isolation pads—Corns and calluses can be cushioned to eliminate the source of rubbing.
If your hammertoes are very rigid or painful, surgery may be necessary to straighten them out. This can usually be performed on an outpatient basis by your foot care specialist, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!