Posts for tag: corns
High-heeled shoes are becoming increasingly vilified for all the pain and discomfort they cause. In fact, they are even now being shunned by fashion houses in favor of strutting in luxury sneakers on the catwalk! Women have suffered from the ill effects of high heels for a long time, but the trends are finally leading to more sensible options that don’t cause heel pain and other painful conditions like corns, bunions, and ingrown toenails, just to name a few.
Some of the major foot issues caused by wearing high-heeled shoes include the following:
- Toe deformities—High heeled shoes compress your toes together, contributing to the formation of bunions, hammertoes, and mallet toes.
- Neuroma—Morton’s neuroma is one type of nerve condition that occurs near the ball of the foot. Having your toes scrunched together contributes to pressure on the nerve.
- Achilles tendon injury—Wearing high-heeled shoes also increases pressure on the back of the foot where the Achilles tendon inserts at the heel bone. This tendon can actually decrease in length from repeatedly wearing high-heeled shoes, contributing to Achilles tendonitis and the formation of heel spurs.
For those who insist on continuing to wear high heels, do so in moderation for special occasions and if required for work. Always carry a pair of comfortable shoes that you can quickly put on to give your feet a rest such as during your commute to work.
If you have foot problems caused by wearing high-heeled shoes, consult with the foot doctors at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Our team of board-certified podiatrists includes Greg Khaimov, DPM, FACFAS, Daniel Pollack, DPM, FACFAS, Walter Majdanski, DPM, AACFAS, Yakov Haimof, DPM, Mathew Yagudayev, DPM, AACFAS, and Kevin Jeong, DPM. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
All the wonderful years of walking, running, working and dancing throughout your life really take a toll on your poor old feet. From toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes to arthritis and gout, your feet and ankles are more likely to experience problems as you get older. However, you can minimize or even prevent many of these effects with proper foot care and regular visits to your podiatrist.
Some common foot and ankle problems that are likely to occur with age include:
- Joint diseases—Arthritis tends to worsen as you get older and often affects the toe and ankle joints, causing stiffness, pain and discomfort.
- Your feet expand—Because of the effects of gravity and pressure throughout your life, the tendons and ligaments in your feet and ankles will gradually expand and weaken. The length and width of your feet will increase as much as a full size, so always have your feet properly measured each time you buy shoes. Talk with your foot doctor about custom orthotic inserts to treat a variety of foot and ankle problems.
- Brittle and thicker toenails—Toenail growth decreases with aging and blood circulation difficulties can cause the toenails to become thicker and more brittle. These changes can make them harder to trim properly. The chances of ingrown toenails developing are also higher.
- Fungal and bacterial infections—Since the immune system tends to get weaker with age, fungal toenail and bacterial infections become more common and harder to ward off.
- Excessive skin dryness—Your skin tends to be dryer as you age, so always stay properly hydrated by drinking healthy fluids throughout the day. Corns, calluses and heel fissures are more common as well.
For help with age-related foot and ankle problems, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Participating in ballet or modern dance puts an enormous amount of pressure and stress on the feet and ankles to produce all that graceful, fluid motion. So it is not very surprising that dancers are frequently seen in the podiatrist’s office for treatment of skin conditions and a variety of foot and ankle injuries and deformities.
Some of the injuries and problems often experienced by dancers include the following:
- Fractures and other injuries—All the leaping and twirling often leads to falls and accidents which can cause sudden injuries like ankle sprains and bone fractures. Stress fractures can develop over time from all the continuous pounding. These can be very painful and difficult to treat. Plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and tendonitis are also very common in dancers.
- Blisters and other skin conditions—The ballet slippers, dance heels, and pointe shoes that dancers wear can cause continuous irritation. This can result in blisters, corns, and calluses on the ankles, feet and toes. Care and isolation of these injuries with padding and orthotic inserts can help avoid complications such as bacterial or fungal nail infections.
- A high prevalence of toe deformities—Deformed toenails, hammertoes, and bunions are a frequent occurrence in dancers. These occur because of the concentrated weight and pressure that pushes on their feet in tightly-fitting footwear.
To decrease the dangers of foot injuries while dancing and to help prevent future foot and ankle problems, it is essential for dancers to work closely with their foot care professional for the proper diagnoses and for ongoing preventive treatment. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A bunion is a bony growth that grows on the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend inwards and push into the other toes. This type of bump can also occur in a smaller version on the pinky toe which is probably why it is called a bunionette. Bunions and bunionettes are the results of structural imbalances involving the tendons and ligaments that connect to the toes and help them to move.
Some of the signs that you are developing a bunion include:
- Bony bump—You will notice a bony protrusion growing on the side or top of the big toe joint.
- Toe bending—Because of the structural abnormalities affecting the joint, your big toe will bend towards your other toes. This will get progressively more pronounced if not treated.
- Skin discoloration—The skin covering the bony bump will appear much redder or darker than the surrounding skin.
- Calluses and corns—The thickened skin of a callus or corn may develop in response to the friction caused by over and underlapping toes
Treatment options for bunions include the following:
- Properly-fitting shoes with a wide toe box
- Custom orthotic inserts, toe splints, or braces to redistribute pressure
- Strength and flexibility exercises
- Surgical reduction of the bunion and toe realignment
Since the ligaments, tendons, and other tissues in the toe will become more stressed over time as the bunion grows, is very important to have the condition treated as early as possible to avoid painful nerve conditions like metatarsalgia. Arthritis and bursitis may also become more pronounced in a toe affected by a bunion.
If you suspect that you are developing a bunion, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!