Posts for tag: corns
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A bunion is a bony growth that grows on the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend inwards and push into the other toes. This type of bump can also occur in a smaller version on the pinky toe which is probably why it is called a bunionette. Bunions and bunionettes are the results of structural imbalances involving the tendons and ligaments that connect to the toes and help them to move.
Some of the signs that you are developing a bunion include:
- Bony bump—You will notice a bony protrusion growing on the side or top of the big toe joint.
- Toe bending—Because of the structural abnormalities affecting the joint, your big toe will bend towards your other toes. This will get progressively more pronounced if not treated.
- Skin discoloration—The skin covering the bony bump will appear much redder or darker than the surrounding skin.
- Calluses and corns—The thickened skin of a callus or corn may develop in response to the friction caused by over and underlapping toes
Treatment options for bunions include the following:
- Properly-fitting shoes with a wide toe box
- Custom orthotic inserts, toe splints, or braces to redistribute pressure
- Strength and flexibility exercises
- Surgical reduction of the bunion and toe realignment
Since the ligaments, tendons, and other tissues in the toe will become more stressed over time as the bunion grows, is very important to have the condition treated as early as possible to avoid painful nerve conditions like metatarsalgia. Arthritis and bursitis may also become more pronounced in a toe affected by a bunion.
If you suspect that you are developing a bunion, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Foot and ankle problems can become more difficult to treat as they progress. Since a foot or ankle problem may often be a sign of a systemic health problem, it is all the more important to get a proper diagnosis from your podiatrist and to pursue the recommended treatment, thus avoiding any chronic or more debilitating problems down the road.
Your feet and ankles form the foundation that the rest of your body depends upon for walking, running, and standing. With the myriad of bones, ligaments, tendons, and tissues in your feet and ankles that can sustain an injury, it is always best to have regular exams performed by your foot care professional to treat and prevent problems early and to help you experience your best foot and ankle health.
6 of the many reasons you should consult with your podiatrist include:
- Severe pain—If you have pain in your foot or ankle that doesn’t improve after several days of rest, icing, compression and elevation, you need to see your foot doctor immediately to check for the cause.
- Color changes to the skin or toenails—Skin and toenail color changes may be an indication of a fungal nail infection or possibly skin cancer.
- Toe deformities—Toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes need to be treated by your podiatrist before they worsen and require surgery.
- Skin abnormalities—Your podiatrist can expertly treat skin conditions such as corns and calluses without causing further complications from accidental cuts.
- Numbness, tingling, and swelling—These symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions including diabetes, gout, and peripheral artery disease.
- Cuts or wounds that don’t heal quickly—Individuals battling diabetes have to be especially careful with cuts and scrapes since ulcerating infections can quickly occur and amputation of a toe or foot can rapidly become necessary.
If you are experiencing pain and discomfort in your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Bunions are often thought of as a problem for the elderly, but they can affect people of all ages. The most obvious sign of this condition is that the big toe pushes against the second toe causing a bump to develop on the top or side of the big toe. This can also occur on the other side of your foot with the pinky toe pushing into the fourth toe. When a bump forms on the pinky toe it is sometimes called a bunionette. Each of these conditions can be very painful and cause other problems to develop including corns and calluses.
Some of the best conservative and noninvasive treatments for bunions include the following:
- Resting and icing—Apply ice to the swollen area for ten-minute intervals several times a day to relieve pain and inflammation.
- Pain relievers—NSAID pain relievers such as ibuprofen and Aleve will also reduce swelling.
- Properly fitted shoes—Wear shoes with a wide toe box and avoid wearing shoes that are too tight such as high heels that increase side pressure on your toe joints.
- Shoe inserts—Properly placed orthotic shoe inserts can help to isolate the bunion and prevent corns and calluses from starting or getting more aggravated.
- Cortisone injections—Your foot specialist may also recommend steroid injections to help reduce pain and inflammation.
- Splints and braces—A specially designed splint may be worn at night that applies pressure to pull your big toe away from the other toes and to straighten it out.
If these home and conservative remedies don’t completely eliminate your pain, it may be necessary to have surgery to realign the toe, ligaments, and tendons. Imaging studies will be performed to develop a surgical and rehabilitation plan for your unique situation.
If you are experiencing bunion pain, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are thick layers of skin that most commonly form on your hands, feet, fingers and toes. When they appear on your feet, it is usually the result of excess friction and pressure created by badly fitting footwear. Calluses, which tend to be bigger than corns, are commonly located on the bottoms of the feet, in the sole or ball area. They feel very rough and hardened, whereas corns are usually much smaller and usually contain a hard center surrounded by tender and swollen skin.
In either case, the treatment options are similar and may consist of the following:
- Padding and protective insoles can provide relief.
- Try pumice stones or emery boards to help safely remove dead skin.
- As much as possible, try to decrease the repetitive action that may have caused them.
- Avoid tight footwear that creates excess pressure, or loose fitting shoes that may cause rubbing and irritation.
- Wear socks with your shoes and sandals as much as possible to decrease excess friction.
- Application of salicylic acid liquid or patches may be used to help dissolve the hardened skin.
- Soaking the skin prior to acid application makes these removal methods more effective.
Individuals with diabetes, foot deformities, or other health problems that can cause decreased blood flow or numbness, need to be very careful when attempting to remove corns and calluses. It is always best to consult with a podiatrist before attempting any treatment on your own to help avoid any complications that may be caused by excessive bleeding or infection. Even a small cut can quickly turn into a serious issue that could even lead to amputation.
If you need assistance caring for your corns and calluses, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!