Posts for tag: calluses
Because of the peripheral nerve damage caused by diabetes, there can be a pronounced numbness and lack of feeling in the feet. This can cause even a relatively minor injury to go undetected. It doesn’t take long for an infection to start and quickly turn into a diabetic foot ulcer. This condition requires aggressive treatment to prevent spreading and may lead to the possible amputation of a toe or even an entire foot or lower leg.
Taking good care of your feet by wearing the right shoes and by performing daily foot inspections is the best way to avoid a foot ulcer.
Help avoid foot ulcers and possible amputation with these steps:
- Wear properly fitted shoes with braces and orthotic inserts—Your footwear needs to be comfortable yet supportive, which means not too tight or loose. Stress from rubbing can cause skin damage and blistering on your toes, so always choose shoes with a wide toe box to allow your toes room to move without rubbing. Specially-made shoes are available for patients with diabetes that have extra space for orthotic inserts and ankle braces.
- Inspect your feet every day—Diabetes causes damage to the nerves in your hands and feet, which can make it difficult to detect an injury or damage without performing a visual inspection. Try to get in the habit of doing daily foot inspections to check for cuts, blisters, scrapes, and ingrown nails. Inspect your heels and the balls of your feet for calluses and heel fissures that can crack and bleed, leading to infection. Use a mirror to check the bottom of your feet and be sure to carefully check between your toes.
For expert advice on foot ulcer prevention and treatment, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Participating in ballet or modern dance puts an enormous amount of pressure and stress on the feet and ankles to produce all that graceful, fluid motion. So it is not very surprising that dancers are frequently seen in the podiatrist’s office for treatment of skin conditions and a variety of foot and ankle injuries and deformities.
Some of the injuries and problems often experienced by dancers include the following:
- Fractures and other injuries—All the leaping and twirling often leads to falls and accidents which can cause sudden injuries like ankle sprains and bone fractures. Stress fractures can develop over time from all the continuous pounding. These can be very painful and difficult to treat. Plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and tendonitis are also very common in dancers.
- Blisters and other skin conditions—The ballet slippers, dance heels, and pointe shoes that dancers wear can cause continuous irritation. This can result in blisters, corns, and calluses on the ankles, feet and toes. Care and isolation of these injuries with padding and orthotic inserts can help avoid complications such as bacterial or fungal nail infections.
- A high prevalence of toe deformities—Deformed toenails, hammertoes, and bunions are a frequent occurrence in dancers. These occur because of the concentrated weight and pressure that pushes on their feet in tightly-fitting footwear.
To decrease the dangers of foot injuries while dancing and to help prevent future foot and ankle problems, it is essential for dancers to work closely with their foot care professional for the proper diagnoses and for ongoing preventive treatment. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A bunion is a bony growth that grows on the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend inwards and push into the other toes. This type of bump can also occur in a smaller version on the pinky toe which is probably why it is called a bunionette. Bunions and bunionettes are the results of structural imbalances involving the tendons and ligaments that connect to the toes and help them to move.
Some of the signs that you are developing a bunion include:
- Bony bump—You will notice a bony protrusion growing on the side or top of the big toe joint.
- Toe bending—Because of the structural abnormalities affecting the joint, your big toe will bend towards your other toes. This will get progressively more pronounced if not treated.
- Skin discoloration—The skin covering the bony bump will appear much redder or darker than the surrounding skin.
- Calluses and corns—The thickened skin of a callus or corn may develop in response to the friction caused by over and underlapping toes
Treatment options for bunions include the following:
- Properly-fitting shoes with a wide toe box
- Custom orthotic inserts, toe splints, or braces to redistribute pressure
- Strength and flexibility exercises
- Surgical reduction of the bunion and toe realignment
Since the ligaments, tendons, and other tissues in the toe will become more stressed over time as the bunion grows, is very important to have the condition treated as early as possible to avoid painful nerve conditions like metatarsalgia. Arthritis and bursitis may also become more pronounced in a toe affected by a bunion.
If you suspect that you are developing a bunion, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Your feet really are a marvel of engineering and they do an incredible job every day to get you through your day. While you may tend to take your feet for granted (75% of us do!) while they do all the work of walking, standing, and exercising, here a few things to remind yourself how truly awesome your feet are.
Here are 5 fascinating foot facts:
- The largest feet ever seen—The biggest feet ever measured belong to a Venezuelan man named J. Hernandez, and are a size 26! That’s over sixteen inches long!
- Amazing components—With over 100 muscles, tendons and connecting tissues, 26 bone, and 33 joints, your feet are a design masterpiece.
- Toenail growth rate—Did you know that your toenails grow at a much slower rate than your fingernails? Toenails grow only 1/16th of an inch per month, whereas fingernails can easily grow 1/8th of an inch or more. Nails grow faster during pregnancy, the teenage years, and during the summer months.
- The thickest skin on your body—The skin on the bottoms of your feet is the thickest anywhere on your body. The heel area is very susceptible to forming cracked calluses that could possibly become infected through fissures, so inspect your feet for any cuts or wounds, especially if you have diabetes.
- Stress and pressure absorption—Your feet absorb the equivalent of hundreds of tons of weight every day.
Another fascinating foot fact to consider is that you probably have a foot problem you are not treating, since over three-fourths of people say they neglect their feet. This can be remedied by a visit to your foot doctor, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!