Posts for tag: calluses
Having calluses and cracked heels is a common foot problem that is usually just a minor annoyance for the majority of people and some thick skin is essential and beneficial to the proper cushioning and protection of your feet. However, when calluses get too thick and start cracking and bleeding, they can be very painful and make it hard to walk. A heel fissure can develop possibly leading to an infection and even amputation in severe cases.
Some of the causes of cracked heels include the following:
- Standing and walking on hard surfaces all day for work
- Being overweight adds pressure to your feet and can split your heel
- Thyroid condition
- Estrogen abnormality
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema
- Wearing shoes that have an open back
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
- Blood circulation problems
- Genetic component
Drinking sufficient healthy liquids (and avoiding sugary beverages and alcohol) throughout the day will help keep your skin hydrated. Consuming or applying omega 3 fatty acids is also good for the skin.
Some treatments for cracked heels include the following:
- The hard skin needs to be removed carefully with a file or pumice stone to avoid bleeding
- Holding cracks together with strapping will help them to heal faster
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts like the heel cup are effective at preventing the heel from expanding and cracking
- Creams and ointments will help rehydrate the skin
If you need help with cracking heels, consult with the foot doctors at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Our team of board certified podiatrists includes Greg Khaimov, DPM, FACFAS, Daniel Pollack, DPM, FACFAS, Walter Majdanski, DPM, AACFAS, Yakov Haimof, DPM, Mathew Yagudayev, DPM, AACFAS, and Kevin Jeong, DPM. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
All the wonderful years of walking, running, working and dancing throughout your life really take a toll on your poor old feet. From toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes to arthritis and gout, your feet and ankles are more likely to experience problems as you get older. However, you can minimize or even prevent many of these effects with proper foot care and regular visits to your podiatrist.
Some common foot and ankle problems that are likely to occur with age include:
- Joint diseases—Arthritis tends to worsen as you get older and often affects the toe and ankle joints, causing stiffness, pain and discomfort.
- Your feet expand—Because of the effects of gravity and pressure throughout your life, the tendons and ligaments in your feet and ankles will gradually expand and weaken. The length and width of your feet will increase as much as a full size, so always have your feet properly measured each time you buy shoes. Talk with your foot doctor about custom orthotic inserts to treat a variety of foot and ankle problems.
- Brittle and thicker toenails—Toenail growth decreases with aging and blood circulation difficulties can cause the toenails to become thicker and more brittle. These changes can make them harder to trim properly. The chances of ingrown toenails developing are also higher.
- Fungal and bacterial infections—Since the immune system tends to get weaker with age, fungal toenail and bacterial infections become more common and harder to ward off.
- Excessive skin dryness—Your skin tends to be dryer as you age, so always stay properly hydrated by drinking healthy fluids throughout the day. Corns, calluses and heel fissures are more common as well.
For help with age-related foot and ankle problems, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Because of the peripheral nerve damage caused by diabetes, there can be a pronounced numbness and lack of feeling in the feet. This can cause even a relatively minor injury to go undetected. It doesn’t take long for an infection to start and quickly turn into a diabetic foot ulcer. This condition requires aggressive treatment to prevent spreading and may lead to the possible amputation of a toe or even an entire foot or lower leg.
Taking good care of your feet by wearing the right shoes and by performing daily foot inspections is the best way to avoid a foot ulcer.
Help avoid foot ulcers and possible amputation with these steps:
- Wear properly fitted shoes with braces and orthotic inserts—Your footwear needs to be comfortable yet supportive, which means not too tight or loose. Stress from rubbing can cause skin damage and blistering on your toes, so always choose shoes with a wide toe box to allow your toes room to move without rubbing. Specially-made shoes are available for patients with diabetes that have extra space for orthotic inserts and ankle braces.
- Inspect your feet every day—Diabetes causes damage to the nerves in your hands and feet, which can make it difficult to detect an injury or damage without performing a visual inspection. Try to get in the habit of doing daily foot inspections to check for cuts, blisters, scrapes, and ingrown nails. Inspect your heels and the balls of your feet for calluses and heel fissures that can crack and bleed, leading to infection. Use a mirror to check the bottom of your feet and be sure to carefully check between your toes.
For expert advice on foot ulcer prevention and treatment, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Participating in ballet or modern dance puts an enormous amount of pressure and stress on the feet and ankles to produce all that graceful, fluid motion. So it is not very surprising that dancers are frequently seen in the podiatrist’s office for treatment of skin conditions and a variety of foot and ankle injuries and deformities.
Some of the injuries and problems often experienced by dancers include the following:
- Fractures and other injuries—All the leaping and twirling often leads to falls and accidents which can cause sudden injuries like ankle sprains and bone fractures. Stress fractures can develop over time from all the continuous pounding. These can be very painful and difficult to treat. Plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and tendonitis are also very common in dancers.
- Blisters and other skin conditions—The ballet slippers, dance heels, and pointe shoes that dancers wear can cause continuous irritation. This can result in blisters, corns, and calluses on the ankles, feet and toes. Care and isolation of these injuries with padding and orthotic inserts can help avoid complications such as bacterial or fungal nail infections.
- A high prevalence of toe deformities—Deformed toenails, hammertoes, and bunions are a frequent occurrence in dancers. These occur because of the concentrated weight and pressure that pushes on their feet in tightly-fitting footwear.
To decrease the dangers of foot injuries while dancing and to help prevent future foot and ankle problems, it is essential for dancers to work closely with their foot care professional for the proper diagnoses and for ongoing preventive treatment. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!