Posts for tag: arthritis
While the joint stiffening and damage caused by arthritis often affect the hands, back, knees, and hips, it can become a problem for your feet and ankles too, adversely affecting your ability to walk and exercise.
Early detection and treatment are essential to slowing the progression of this disease. Custom-made orthotic inserts used with the appropriate footwear can decrease the pain and increase mobility.
2 of the common types of arthritis that cause pain in the feet and ankles include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—When your immune system mistakenly regards the lining of your joints (the synovium) as a threat, the result is the unfortunate removal of the insulating material that separates your bones, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness. Massage and a relaxing foot soak will help relieve symptoms and medications can reduce pain and inflammation.
- Osteoarthritis—This is the kind of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on your joints over time. As the insulating cartilage in the joints lessens, the bones can rub directly against each other causing swelling, pain, and severe stiffness. Gout and psoriatic arthritis can also cause these symptoms. Physical therapy exercises to increase flexibility and strength will help maintain foot function and slow the progression.
A consultation with your foot care professional is essential to proper treatment of foot and ankle arthritis. A podiatrist will also identify other causes of foot and ankle pain that may be exacerbating your arthritic condition.
If you are concerned about foot and ankle arthritis, contact our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Pain in the big toe is a very common complaint that is treated by podiatrists. There are quite a variety of causes of pain in the big toe and, since the symptoms can mimic each other, you should see your foot specialist for the correct diagnosis and treatment.
The problems that can cause pain in the big toe can be caused by disease, injury or a structural deficiency.
Three of the most common painful conditions affecting the big toe include the following:
- Turf toe—This injury is a toe sprain that usually affects the big toe and it is more likely to occur on artificial field surfaces – which is how it got its name – but this injury can occur on any athletic surface. The injury is characterized by the ligaments around the big toe becoming inflamed or jammed from the forces experienced while pushing off from your feet while playing sports.
- Hallux Rigidus (stiff big toe)—Hallux is the Latin word for big toe, and rigidus refers to the complete rigidity of the big toe that is the hallmark of this condition. In many instances of stiff big toe, wearing properly-fitted shoes with custom-made orthotic inserts can help alleviate pain and discomfort.
- Gout—There are several types of arthritis that can cause stiffness in the big toe joint. Gouty arthritis is an inflammation of the big toe that is caused by uric acid crystals in the joint. These painful crystals are created by excess uric acid in the blood. When the acid builds up past a certain level, it crystallizes into the extremities, often affecting joints in the feet and hands. Eliminating or greatly reducing alcohol intake and avoiding foods that contain purines such as shrimp, lobster, and fatty meats can help reduce gout attacks. Keep to a healthy weight and consume fresh cherry juice and organic apple cider vinegar to help reduce blood levels of uric acid.
If you are experiencing big toe pain, your foot doctor can determine the cause, so set up a consultation with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Stubbing your toe happens suddenly and unexpectedly, causing a painful experience even if the actual injury is relatively minor. Because your toes have only a small amount of fatty tissue to insulate them from any shock, a stubbed toe injury can often be very painful without being very severe. This is not always the case, however, and since there is the possibility that you may have a more serious injury like a fracture, it is important to have your toe evaluated by your foot care professional so you don’t accidentally make things worse.
How can I tell if my toe may be broken?
The symptoms of a toe fracture are severe pain in your toe, especially when you try to walk; bleeding under the toenail; swelling and bruising that lasts for more than two or three days.
Stubbing your toe can also create enough stress to cause a tendon or ligament injury, and the possible dislocation of one or more joints. There is also the possibility of infection taking hold. It has also been shown in studies that a stubbed toe is more susceptible to developing arthritis as you get older.
Stubbed and broken toe treatments
If your stubbed toe is not too severe, the pain and swelling will usually subside within a day or two. If it goes beyond that, you may have a more serious problem requiring the services of a podiatrist.
An x-ray will be taken to rule out any broken bones. A broken toe can often be successfully treated by buddy taping it to the toe next to it. Wearing a special cast boot or shoe will immobilize the area while healing occurs
In severe cases, surgery may be required to realign the toe and to remove any bone fragments that may have gotten into the joint.
If you suspect that your stubbed toe may be broken, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The best course of action if you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, especially if you can’t tell the exact cause, is to have your foot doctor do a complete exam to get right to the core of the problem and begin the proper treatment.
3 common causes of pain on the top of the foot include:
- Breaks and stress fractures—The bones on the top of your foot are really quite delicate and susceptible to injury such as from dropping something heavy on your foot, causing a broken bone. Conversely, a stress or hairline fracture in one of the bones on the top of the foot can happen slowly over time, eventually causing considerable pain that may difficult to diagnose and pinpoint without the help of your foot doctor.
- Poorly fitting shoes—Tightly fitting shoes can increase the pressure on the top of the foot causing rubbing and blisters. Always choose shoes with a wide toe box to give your forefoot enough room to move. Shoes that are too loose should also be avoided since they can cause unnecessary friction.
- Systemic diseases—Like arthritis and gout can contribute to swelling and tenderness in the bones, ligaments, and other tissues on the top of the foot. Patients who have diabetes may feel discomfort on the top of the foot that is caused by peripheral nerve damage.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot that is accompanied with difficulty with weight bearing, or if you have a cut or wound that is causing the problem, you should have an immediate evaluation by your podiatrist. For any pain you are having in your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Pain in the heel is often associated with plantar fasciitis, but it’s not the only possible cause of heel and arch pain. There are a variety of other conditions that can create a similar sensation in the foot but is caused by a totally different mechanism.
Three other possible sources of heel and arch pain:
Joint problems—Sometimes the cause of pain in the bottom of the foot or heel is caused by joint diseases such as arthritis. This pain can radiate to other areas of the foot and, without expert advice, may easily be misidentified as a soft tissue problem.
Soft tissue injuries—The ligaments, tendons, muscles and other softer tissues of the foot can become injured during while working out, causing an injury that mimics a plantar fascia injury. For example, the two peroneal tendons that run along the outside of the foot are sometimes the actual source of bottom-of-the-foot swelling and pain. A serious injury such as a torn ligament would require different treatment, and using the treatment for a plantar fascia injury can actually cause further damage.
Nerve disorders—Since problems with the functioning of nerves is an infrequent source of heel pain, it is often not considered. The stress and pressure that your feet absorb during exercise, along with improper gait mechanics and just normal aging, can adversely affect the peripheral nerves that run from the brain to your extremities.
Nerve related heel pain can be very similar to the pain caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, so it’s important to have a proper diagnosis by your foot care specialist in order to get the correct care. If you are experiencing heel pain and discomfort, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!