Posts for tag: arthritis
All the wonderful years of walking, running, working and dancing throughout your life really take a toll on your poor old feet. From toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes to arthritis and gout, your feet and ankles are more likely to experience problems as you get older. However, you can minimize or even prevent many of these effects with proper foot care and regular visits to your podiatrist.
Some common foot and ankle problems that are likely to occur with age include:
- Joint diseases—Arthritis tends to worsen as you get older and often affects the toe and ankle joints, causing stiffness, pain and discomfort.
- Your feet expand—Because of the effects of gravity and pressure throughout your life, the tendons and ligaments in your feet and ankles will gradually expand and weaken. The length and width of your feet will increase as much as a full size, so always have your feet properly measured each time you buy shoes. Talk with your foot doctor about custom orthotic inserts to treat a variety of foot and ankle problems.
- Brittle and thicker toenails—Toenail growth decreases with aging and blood circulation difficulties can cause the toenails to become thicker and more brittle. These changes can make them harder to trim properly. The chances of ingrown toenails developing are also higher.
- Fungal and bacterial infections—Since the immune system tends to get weaker with age, fungal toenail and bacterial infections become more common and harder to ward off.
- Excessive skin dryness—Your skin tends to be dryer as you age, so always stay properly hydrated by drinking healthy fluids throughout the day. Corns, calluses and heel fissures are more common as well.
For help with age-related foot and ankle problems, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Since there are many possible problems that can cause pain on the top of your foot, you should always see your foot doctor for any pain and discomfort that lasts for more than a few days.
Some common reasons for top of the foot pain include the following:
- Poorly fitting shoes—Shoes that are too tight increase the pressure and stress to the top of the foot causing swelling, painful redness and blistering. Shoes that are too loose can also cause rubbing, so always have new footwear properly fitted at least once a year.
- Diseases—Diabetes, arthritis, and gout can all cause swelling and tenderness around the bones, tendons, and other tissues on top of the foot. Numbness and tingling from peripheral nerve damage caused by diabetes are also often experienced at the top of the foot.
- Fractures—Many very small bones are located in the foot, especially on the top, and these can be easily injured by stubbing your big toe or by dropping something heavy on your foot. You can also experience hairline or stress fractures on the top of the foot that can be detected by a physical exam and confirmed with imaging tests.
- Hormone imbalance—Pain and swelling on the top of the foot are common during pregnancy or menopause and is often exacerbated by changing hormone levels.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, you need to consult with your board certified foot doctor for the correct diagnosis and treatment. We highly recommend that you consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
While the joint stiffening and damage caused by arthritis often affect the hands, back, knees, and hips, it can become a problem for your feet and ankles too, adversely affecting your ability to walk and exercise.
Early detection and treatment are essential to slowing the progression of this disease. Custom-made orthotic inserts used with the appropriate footwear can decrease the pain and increase mobility.
2 of the common types of arthritis that cause pain in the feet and ankles include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—When your immune system mistakenly regards the lining of your joints (the synovium) as a threat, the result is the unfortunate removal of the insulating material that separates your bones, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness. Massage and a relaxing foot soak will help relieve symptoms and medications can reduce pain and inflammation.
- Osteoarthritis—This is the kind of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on your joints over time. As the insulating cartilage in the joints lessens, the bones can rub directly against each other causing swelling, pain, and severe stiffness. Gout and psoriatic arthritis can also cause these symptoms. Physical therapy exercises to increase flexibility and strength will help maintain foot function and slow the progression.
A consultation with your foot care professional is essential to proper treatment of foot and ankle arthritis. A podiatrist will also identify other causes of foot and ankle pain that may be exacerbating your arthritic condition.
If you are concerned about foot and ankle arthritis, contact our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Pain in the big toe is a very common complaint that is treated by podiatrists. There are quite a variety of causes of pain in the big toe and, since the symptoms can mimic each other, you should see your foot specialist for the correct diagnosis and treatment.
The problems that can cause pain in the big toe can be caused by disease, injury or a structural deficiency.
Three of the most common painful conditions affecting the big toe include the following:
- Turf toe—This injury is a toe sprain that usually affects the big toe and it is more likely to occur on artificial field surfaces – which is how it got its name – but this injury can occur on any athletic surface. The injury is characterized by the ligaments around the big toe becoming inflamed or jammed from the forces experienced while pushing off from your feet while playing sports.
- Hallux Rigidus (stiff big toe)—Hallux is the Latin word for big toe, and rigidus refers to the complete rigidity of the big toe that is the hallmark of this condition. In many instances of stiff big toe, wearing properly-fitted shoes with custom-made orthotic inserts can help alleviate pain and discomfort.
- Gout—There are several types of arthritis that can cause stiffness in the big toe joint. Gouty arthritis is an inflammation of the big toe that is caused by uric acid crystals in the joint. These painful crystals are created by excess uric acid in the blood. When the acid builds up past a certain level, it crystallizes into the extremities, often affecting joints in the feet and hands. Eliminating or greatly reducing alcohol intake and avoiding foods that contain purines such as shrimp, lobster, and fatty meats can help reduce gout attacks. Keep to a healthy weight and consume fresh cherry juice and organic apple cider vinegar to help reduce blood levels of uric acid.
If you are experiencing big toe pain, your foot doctor can determine the cause, so set up a consultation with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Stubbing your toe happens suddenly and unexpectedly, causing a painful experience even if the actual injury is relatively minor. Because your toes have only a small amount of fatty tissue to insulate them from any shock, a stubbed toe injury can often be very painful without being very severe. This is not always the case, however, and since there is the possibility that you may have a more serious injury like a fracture, it is important to have your toe evaluated by your foot care professional so you don’t accidentally make things worse.
How can I tell if my toe may be broken?
The symptoms of a toe fracture are severe pain in your toe, especially when you try to walk; bleeding under the toenail; swelling and bruising that lasts for more than two or three days.
Stubbing your toe can also create enough stress to cause a tendon or ligament injury, and the possible dislocation of one or more joints. There is also the possibility of infection taking hold. It has also been shown in studies that a stubbed toe is more susceptible to developing arthritis as you get older.
Stubbed and broken toe treatments
If your stubbed toe is not too severe, the pain and swelling will usually subside within a day or two. If it goes beyond that, you may have a more serious problem requiring the services of a podiatrist.
An x-ray will be taken to rule out any broken bones. A broken toe can often be successfully treated by buddy taping it to the toe next to it. Wearing a special cast boot or shoe will immobilize the area while healing occurs
In severe cases, surgery may be required to realign the toe and to remove any bone fragments that may have gotten into the joint.
If you suspect that your stubbed toe may be broken, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!