Posts for tag: Orthotics
Keeping your feet healthy and in optimal shape can be difficult, but wearing the right shoes that are properly sized and fitted is the most important factor in avoiding injury, pain, and discomfort. Always choose a shoe that is made for the activity in which you will be engaged, and be sure to replace your footwear whenever it becomes worn out and unsupportive.
Two essential shoe tips for happy feet include:
- Footwear that is the right size—Many folks underestimate the amount of change their feet experience in a year. Your feet flatten out and become wider as you age, and the size can change as much as a half an inch year to year. Try to go shopping for shoes at the end of your day when your feet have reached their maximum size. Be sure to get both feet measured since one foot may have changed more than the other. It’s not uncommon for your two feet to be a half size or more apart in length.
- Proper arch and ball support—Correct arch and ball support are essential for proper foot mechanics. Always have your arch type properly determined with a computerized gait analysis (your podiatrist can do this) and make sure you use orthotic inserts to correct any of these gait abnormalities. The ball of the foot needs to be well supported and orthotics can also help in that regard. Having your arch and ball properly supported will help avoid many foot and ankle injuries and also helps alignment of your knees, hips, and back.
For help getting the perfect shoes for your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Your Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in your body that connects from your heel to your calf muscle. A lot of people do not realize how important this tendon is for walking, running, or merely just standing until they suffer an injury to the tendon that can cause considerable pain, discomfort, and immobility.
Repetitive exercises such as running, basketball, and tennis often cause aggravation to the tendon, creating a condition called Achilles tendonitis. When the intensity of a particular activity is suddenly ramped up, the shock can cause the Achilles tendon to tear or even break completely, causing a loud, cringe-worthy, popping sound.
4 initial treatments for Achilles tendonitis or other tendon and ligament injuries include the following:
- RICE—Basic injury care involves Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.
- Strength and flexibility exercises—There are many exercises to limber up and strengthen your calf muscles and tendons to avoid these types of injuries.
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts and corrective shoes—Your podiatrist has a variety of excellent shoes, inserts, and braces that are very effective for a wide variety of problems.
- Switch to a lower impact activity—You can immediately decrease the stress on the affected foot by switching to a low-impact activity such as swimming to help give your Achilles tendon a rest.
Never neglect the initial pain of a tendon injury or any other injury for that matter. If you push too hard through the injury, you often just make it worse and increase the healing time. Be sure to give your body some time to heal at the first sign of injury to avoid this fate.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of Achilles tendonitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A hammertoe deformity is characterized by one or more of your middle toes abnormally bending at the joints, causing the toe to take on the shape of a hammer, hence the name. Because of the rubbing of the bent toe on your footwear, you may also notice corns, calluses, and other problems like blisters forming in response.
Hammertoes result from an imbalance between the tendon and muscle that usually hold the toe in the correct position. The imbalance can be inherited and is often exacerbated by wearing high heeled shoes or ones that don’t offer enough arch support. Damage to the foot from an accident or injury or from arthritic complications can also cause or exacerbate hammertoes.
Hammertoes do not improve on their own, so it is important to visit your foot care professional for treatment.
Conservative treatments for hammertoes include:
- The right shoes—Low heeled shoes with a roomy toe box will help relieve the pressure that is contributing to the bending of the toe.
- Strapping and splinting—These devices can be used to realign the bent toes.
- Medications—Steroid injections and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or other medications can reduce pain and swelling.
- Stretching—Exercises such as picking up small stones with your toes can help increase strength and flexibility.
- Orthotics—Specially-fabricated shoe inserts can control the imbalance between the muscle and tendon that is causing the toe to bend in the first place.
- Isolation pads—Corns and calluses can be cushioned to eliminate the source of rubbing.
If your hammertoes are very rigid or painful, surgery may be necessary to straighten them out. This can usually be performed on an outpatient basis by your foot care specialist, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you have ever ruptured your Achilles tendon, then you know it is not a pleasant experience! You may even hear a popping or snapping sound as the tendon is ripped or even completely severed, making it impossible to stand on your toes or to push off your injured leg. Those who participate in sports like tennis, soccer, and basketball, where a high degree of running and jumping and a lot of quick stops and starts are necessary, are more susceptible to an Achilles tendon tear. It has also been shown that certain antibiotic medications may increase the risk of a tendon injury.
Treating an Achilles tendon injury will depend upon the severity of the damage. Conservative measures include wearing a walking boot or cast to immobilize the area while the tendon heals. Specially made orthotic inserts can help to cushion and elevate the heel area and promote a faster recovery.
For severe injuries, you may wish to discuss surgical reattachment or repair with your podiatrist. A surgical repair has less susceptibility to re-rupture, and is often the preferred course of treatment for athletes.
Achilles tendons can take a long time to properly heal and it is important to avoid re-injury after the initial recovery period. Be certain to ease into activity slowly and deliberately to build up strength and endurance. Always warm up and stretch prior to exercising, and try adding lower impact activities like cycling and swimming to your workout routine since they are more gentle on your joints and muscles.
For more expert advice on Achilles tendon tear treatment, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The condition of flatfoot occurs when the arches collapse, and depending upon the severity and length of time the condition has gone untreated, a variety of complications may arise. Flat feet are usually an inherited condition, but they can also be the result of injury, disease, excessive weight, and arthritis.
Children often experience a variety of flat feet that is usually painless and often resolves over time, as the bones and other tissues develop.
More severe cases of flat feet are characterized by:
- Pain and swelling—There are longitudinal and transverse arches in the foot that can become painful and swollen during walking and other movements. The discomfort can be felt in the heel, midfoot, or outer foot, depending upon which structure is affected.
- Pronation problems—Rolling the ankle inwards (overpronation) is a frequent problem in those with high arches and can cause gait abnormalities that radiate to the knees, hips, and back.
- Foot deformities—People with flat feet that go untreated for a long time are more susceptible to developing foot abnormalities like bunions and hammertoes.
Treatment for flat feet may consist of the use of braces, custom orthotic inserts, physical therapy, and immobilization. Wearing supportive shoes with orthotic arch inserts can alleviate and prevent many flat foot complications, especially in the earlier stages. One easy way to see if you have flat feet is to wet your feet and stand on a flat surface. If the middle of your foot touches the floor, you may have flat feet.
If you need help assessing your foot imprint, or for other expert advice on treatment of flat feet, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!