Posts for tag: Flat Feet
The wide, thick, fibrous tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot can become stressed and inflamed causing considerable pain and discomfort. This heel pain condition is known as plantar fasciitis. The most common early indication of plantar fasciitis is pain in back of the heel that is most noticeable when you first arise after sleeping.
Often these symptoms occur sporadically, so you may not think anything serious is happening, but the repeated stress can cause tiny tears to develop. These tears will cause increased pain and may require treatment from your podiatrist for proper healing to occur.
Causes of plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is usually the result of having one or more of the following issues:
- Improper footwear—Shoes with improper arch support which can cause overstretching or the plantar fascia.
- Obesity—Excess weight puts stress on the arch.
- Flat feet—Having flat feet or fallen arches makes you more susceptible to developing plantar fasciitis.
- Excess stress—People who spend a lot of time on their feet for work or sporting activities are more likely to strain ligaments and tendons, including the plantar fascia.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is best treated when it is caught in the beginning stages. Treatments may include:
- RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation)
- Calf muscle and Achilles tendon stretches
- Wearing shoes with good arch support
- Immobilizing boot or night splints
Strength and flexibility exercises will be needed after the initial healing phase is completed.
If you have been suffering from heel pain, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you notice a painful bump on the back of your heel at the location where your Achilles tendon attaches to the bone, then you may have a Haglund’s deformity. While this abnormality frequently affects women who wear high heels and is known as the “pump bump,” it can similarly affect anyone who wears shoes with tight, rigid backs.
People who have flat feet and those with tight Achilles tendons are more susceptible to developing Haglund’s deformity since these conditions increase the pressure on the heel that causes the bony enlargement to develop. Some of the symptoms include extreme heel pain, swelling, and blistering, and bursitis may also be evident.
Initial treatment for Haglund’s deformity
Eliminating the source of the irritation by wearing shoes that don’t rub on the heel will help immediately. Try wearing backless footwear like sandals or clogs to give your heels a rest. Applying ice packs to the heel will help to reduce swelling. Simple heel pads added to your footwear backs can also ease pain and rubbing. If you have a tight Achilles tendon or high arches, always use the correct arch supports and perform daily tendon stretching exercises suggested by your podiatrist. Ibuprofen or other over-the-counter pain relievers can reduce swelling and discomfort.
Further treatment options for Haglund’s deformity
If the bump continues to get larger and if the pain becomes worse, there are several other options for treatment that may include:
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts—By redistributing the pressure on the heel, these inserts can relieve swelling, rubbing, and discomfort.
- Foot immobilization—In severe cases, it may be necessary to wear a walking boot or soft cast so the foot has a chance to properly heal.
If these methods do not improve the condition, a surgical procedure may be necessary to reshape the bone.
If you are suffering with heel pain, consult with our board certified podiatrists atFoot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having a feeling that there is a small object such as a pebble in your shoe is the main symptom of a condition called Morton’s neuroma. It occurs when a metatarsal ligament traps a nerve causing inflammation and discomfort that usually presents between the second and third, or third and fourth metatarsal bones that lead to your toes. If you don’t have an actual rock in your footwear that is causing this feeling, then you should visit your podiatrist for proper evaluation and treatment.
The actual cause of neuromas is still under investigation, but it often appears to be a result of injury and pressure that pushes on the nerves that run into your toes. Women are diagnosed with this ailment nearly three times as often as men due to the deleterious effects of wearing high heeled shoes. High impact sports such as tennis, jogging, and basketball, and any actions which cause repetitive stress to the feet, can also contribute to this condition. Individuals with foot deformities including bunions and flat feet are also more susceptible.
Treatment Options for Morton’s Neuroma
Depending on the severity of your neuroma and your particular situation, your foot doctor will customize your treatment. Suggestions may include the following:
- Change your shoes—Shoes with a wider toe box will help to relieve pressure on the interdigital nerve that is often inflamed by this condition.
- Limiting activities—Reducing the wear and tear to your feet by taking it easy with sports or other strenuous activities.
- Orthotic inserts—Properly placed custom orthotic inserts and foam pads may help to relieve pressure and irritation by shifting the stress to other parts of the foot.
- Anti-inflammatory medications—Ibuprofen or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will reduce pain.
- Icing—Applying ice to the area for 15 minutes several times a day can help reduce swelling and pain.
- Steroid injections—These can provide long-term relief but may also be implicated as the cause of damage to surrounding soft tissues after repeated use.
If you feel like you have a pebble in your shoe, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The tarsal tunnel is a channel that exists in between part of your ankle bone and a bevy of ligaments that span across your foot. This tunnel carries the nerves, tendons, and arteries that allow you to use your foot. One of the main nerves inside the tarsal tunnel is the tibial nerve, which is necessary for providing feeling to the bottom of your foot. This nerve can become inflamed and irritated due to excessive pressure causing the condition known as tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS).
Diseases or injuries that may produce the pressure that initiates this disease include:
● A varicose vein or bone spur
● Swelling due to an ankle injury
● Arthritis and diabetes
● Flat feet or fallen arches
Some of the symptoms of TTS include the following:
● Foot numbness
● Tingling or burning sensation
● Shooting pain
A diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome is often a difficult matter due to the fact that other conditions can cause similar symptoms, so it is very important to consult with your podiatrist to devise the most efficacious treatment plan. Your foot doctor will perform a complete clinical exam followed by imaging studies (X-ray, CT or MRI), and electrical testing such as EMG or nerve conduction studies may be required to confirm this diagnosis.
Non-surgical treatment options include:
● Steroid injections
● NSAIDS for pain and inflammation
● Braces, splints and orthotic inserts to reduce the pressure on the nerve
In difficult cases where conservative treatments do not relieve pain and discomfort, you may require the intervention of a skilled foot doctor to surgically release the pressure on the nerve.
If you suspect that you may have tarsal tunnel inflammation, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you are experiencing pain in your foot without an obvious cause, you may have suffered a stress fracture. The pain can tend to come and go, and often is increased during specific foot movements. Stress fractures are very small cracks in the bone that are caused by the repeated stress and pressure to the foot that comes with exercise and sporting activities. Bone deterioration from osteoporosis can also increase the likelihood of a stress fracture.
Other factors that can increase the possibility of stress fractures to the feet include:
- Calcium and vitamin D deficiency—Your bones need adequate vitamin D and calcium for proper growth. Bone weakening from lack of these nutrients can increase the chances of a stress fracture.
- Arch abnormalities—Individuals with rigid arches or flat feet are more susceptible to stress fractures in the feet, so be sure to have any arch problems corrected with the help of your foot doctor.
- Starting an exercise program too rapidly—Sometimes the sudden jolt to your bones of starting a new exercise program can be enough to cause a stress fracture. Always start off slowly, and gradually increase your strength and endurance to ward off stress fractures and a host of other foot problems.
Stress fracture pain will often gradually increase during activity and subside when the stress and weight is taken off the foot. There may also be bruising and swelling in the area of the pain. Stress fractures can be difficult to diagnose and treat properly, and proper treatment is essential to ensure that the bone heals correctly and does not adversely affect your foot mechanics.
If you suspect that you may have suffered a stress fracture to your foot, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!