Posts for tag: Diabetes
Gout is often thought of as a condition affecting older people and it is most common between the ages of 40 and 60. But gout can occur in men and women who are much younger and older. The big toe and ankle joints are frequently affected by symptoms of extreme pain and tenderness to the touch.
Gout is the body’s response to too much uric acid in the blood. While uric acid is a normal component of blood, when the concentration is too high it will crystallize into the peripheral joints causing considerable pain.
Some causes of and contributing factors to a gout attack include the following:
● Having high blood pressure
● High stress
● Chemotherapy side effects
● Certain medications and vitamins
Some excellent recommendations to treat a gout attack and to avoid getting gout in the first place include the following:
- Avoid consuming beverages and foods high in purines like shellfish, organ meats, red wine, beer, and organ meats
- Prescription medications like allopurinol can be used to decrease uric acid and treat pain and swelling
- Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages which can cause dehydration and increase uric acid
- Avoid putting any weight on the foot as much as possible and raise the foot above your heart to help reduce swelling and discomfort.
The symptoms of a gout attack will usually subside within a few hours or days. If you have repeated gout attacks, treatment with long-term medication may be appropriate and will help avoid permanent damage to the joints.
If you are having foot or ankle problems caused by gout, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Proper care of your feet is extremely important when you have diabetes. This disease causes nerve damage in your feet that can make it hard to know when you have an injury. The reduced circulation often experienced by patients with diabetes also causes wounds and blisters to heal more slowly or not at all. This can increase the risk of a terrible infection that could lead to amputation of one or more of your toes, or even an entire foot in severe cases.
The following tips will help avoid major problems:
- Daily foot checks— Check for any cuts, blisters, swelling or redness. Be sure to look between your toes since problems can easily go unnoticed in this area. You can check the bottom of your feet with a mirror.
- Wash and carefully dry your feet every day—Always test that the water is not too hot and carefully wash and dry your feet at least once a day to keep fungi and bacteria under control.
- Cut your toenails correctly—To avoid ingrown toenails, cut them straight across and not too short.
- Corns and calluses—should be treated by your podiatrist to avoid any cuts and infections.
- Wear specially-designed diabetic shoes—These are an excellent way to keep your feet in good health with the added comfort and support they provide.
- Don’t smoke tobacco—Smoking causes restriction of blood flow and contributes to neuropathy.
- Get regular foot exams—See your podiatrist for proper evaluation and to develop a comprehensive treatment plan for the ongoing care of your feet.
If you are experiencing diabetic foot complications, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Choosing the right shoes is one of the best decisions you can make to keep your feet happy and healthy. The many benefits of properly-supported feet radiate to your knees, hips, and back, so make choosing the correct footwear for work, sporting, and leisure pursuits a high priority.
Some tips for choosing the right shoes include the following:
- The necessary support for your arch and ball—The metatarsal dome in the ball area of your foot needs proper support to equalize imbalances, so always choose shoes with good support in that area. This will help prevent nerve pinching and conditions like sesamoiditis and neuromas. Sturdy, well-fitted shoes with the correct arch support are essential for optimal foot and overall health.
- Breathable fibers—Natural fibers like canvas and leather, and man-made fibers like Gore-Tex are flexible and breathable and allow for moisture evaporation. This is essential since your feet have many sweat glands, and keeping your feet dry prevents blisters, rashes, and infections from fungi and bacteria. Infections are a major cause of foot complications, especially in patients who have diabetes, where even a minor cut can go unnoticed and lead to an ulcer and possible amputation.
- Deep heel cups—A deep heel cup in will surround your heel, increase stability and ensure the best support by keeping your heel from moving from side to side.
Your podiatrist can perform a computerized gait analysis to determine your foot type and what shoe is right for you. If you would like help choosing the right footwear, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Patients with diabetes who have numbness from nerve damage often experience a complete lack of feeling in their feet as the disease progresses. This can lead to the development of a problem called Charcot Foot. With this condition, you’ll find a severe and disabling deformity that occurs to the foot often without the patient even being aware of it. Weakened bones can actually fracture and cause the foot to collapse, requiring surgery or even possible amputation.
Symptoms of Charcot foot
Extreme swelling and warmth in the foot are early signs of this disorder. Always have your foot specialist perform a thorough exam. Many of the problems of Charcot foot will be physically obvious, but imaging studies such as X-ray or MRI are necessary to determine the full extent of the damage.
Treatments for Charcot foot include the following:
- Rigid boot or cast may be required—Weakened bones in the feet may need a rigid boot or cast to hold them in place while healing occurs. A wheelchair or walker will help to decrease pressure on the foot during the healing period which may last for several months or more.
- Custom orthotic inserts and specially made shoes—After the initial healing period from any surgery or other intervention, you will need to wear custom shoes. These are constructed with stabilizing braces and orthotic inserts to prevent foot ulcers and to keep the foot from collapsing again.
- Activity changes—An activity plan that isn’t too strenuous will be required to avoid causing new damage to the foot.
For expert treatment of Charcot foot disease, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having the feeling that your feet are burning can range from just a little discomfort to something so severe that the pain wakes you up at night. There are a wide variety of conditions that can cause the feeling of burning feet, with some of them also causing numbness or a pins-and-needles sensation.
Decreased blood flow to the legs and feet due to PAD (peripheral artery disease) can create the sensation of burning feet. Other causes of burning feet could be a skin infection or just ordinary fatigue that causes your feet to become inflamed. Diagnosing the actual cause of burning feet can be quite complicated since the phenomenon is often an indication of nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy), the cause of which can be difficult to diagnose.
Some causes and contributing factors to burning feet include the following:
- A constricted nerve
- Athlete’s foot infection
- Kidney problems
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
- Vitamin and nutrient deficiencies
- Complications from diabetes
- Alcoholic neuropathy
- HIV infection
- Exposure to toxic chemicals
- Lyme and other tick-borne illnesses
- Chemotherapy side effects
If you have a persistent burning sensation in your feet that is becoming more and more painful, make an appointment with your foot care professional for the correct diagnosis and treatment. Without the right treatment, it is possible that you could lose all feeling in your feet and toes.
Once the cause of your burning feet is determined, your podiatrist will develop a comprehensive treatment program. If you are suffering from burning feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!