Posts for tag: Blisters
Proper care of your feet is extremely important when you have diabetes. This disease causes nerve damage in your feet that can make it hard to know when you have an injury. The reduced circulation often experienced by patients with diabetes also causes wounds and blisters to heal more slowly or not at all. This can increase the risk of a terrible infection that could lead to amputation of one or more of your toes, or even an entire foot in severe cases.
The following tips will help avoid major problems:
- Daily foot checks— Check for any cuts, blisters, swelling or redness. Be sure to look between your toes since problems can easily go unnoticed in this area. You can check the bottom of your feet with a mirror.
- Wash and carefully dry your feet every day—Always test that the water is not too hot and carefully wash and dry your feet at least once a day to keep fungi and bacteria under control.
- Cut your toenails correctly—To avoid ingrown toenails, cut them straight across and not too short.
- Corns and calluses—should be treated by your podiatrist to avoid any cuts and infections.
- Wear specially-designed diabetic shoes—These are an excellent way to keep your feet in good health with the added comfort and support they provide.
- Don’t smoke tobacco—Smoking causes restriction of blood flow and contributes to neuropathy.
- Get regular foot exams—See your podiatrist for proper evaluation and to develop a comprehensive treatment plan for the ongoing care of your feet.
If you are experiencing diabetic foot complications, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Blisters are a very common foot problem that is usually caused by excess rubbing on your footwear. Your skin responds to this friction by producing a pus-filled area on your skin. The fluid in a blister is most often clear, but it can also be slightly red or pink if bleeding is present. A yellow fluid discharge could be a sign of infection. Blisters can also be exacerbated by excessive perspiration and fungal or bacterial infections such as athlete’s foot and toenail fungus.
What Causes Blisters?
Blisters are often caused by shoes that are too tight, but they can also occur when shoes are too loose and your feet move around too much while rubbing on the interior. Always wear properly-fitted shoes with good arch support and extra room in the toe box.
The majority of blisters can be treated at home if they have no bleeding or signs of infection. By inserting a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister and draining out the pus, you keep the blister from popping and possible becoming more painful and infected.
- Clean and sterilize—Wash the area with soap and warm water, then wipe the area down with a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide.
- Prick the edge of the blister with a sterilized needle—Insert a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister where it meets the surrounding skin to puncture the blister.
- Drain the fluid from the blister—Carefully squeeze the blister with a cotton ball and slowly push the pus out while keeping the skin intact to prevent future infection and help the healing process.
- Bandage—Use hydrogen peroxide to clean the area and apply antibiotic ointment. Cover with a large bandaid or sterile bandage.
If you have hard-to-treat blisters on your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Many people don’t realize that they can get skin cancer on their feet, even on the heels. Skin cancer is often associated with excess sun exposure, and some people are more susceptible to sun damage than others. Individuals with lighter skin, hair and eyes will burn more easily and may be more vulnerable to developing skin lesions and cancer. However, UV exposure is not the only factor involved in developing skin cancer, so even though your feet may rarely be exposed to the sun, you still need to check them for unusual looking lesions.
Potentially deadly skin cancers such as melanomas can have the appearance of benign conditions such as plantar warts, ulcers, blisters, and ingrown toenails, so it’s always a good idea to have these evaluated by your foot doctor for the correct diagnosis. A skin biopsy may be performed to check for skin cancer.
Two other factors that may increase your chances of getting skin cancer on your feet include:
- Poor immune system function—When your immune system is compromised by viral infections such as AIDS or the human papillomavirus (HPV), it makes it more difficult for your body to defend itself against malignant growths. Having transplant surgery may also weaken your immune system. Acral lentiginous melanoma, cancer that grows on the soles of the feet and underneath the toenails, is more likely to occur in people with compromised immune systems.
- Chemicals and other contaminants—Exposure to harsh chemicals that can cause burns. Being exposed to environmental chemicals released by industries such as refineries and power plants can damage your skin’s DNA, thereby increasing the risk of lesions and cancer developing.
If you have any worrisome growths or lesions on your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A hammertoe deformity is characterized by one or more of your middle toes abnormally bending at the joints, causing the toe to take on the shape of a hammer, hence the name. Because of the rubbing of the bent toe on your footwear, you may also notice corns, calluses, and other problems like blisters forming in response.
Hammertoes result from an imbalance between the tendon and muscle that usually hold the toe in the correct position. The imbalance can be inherited and is often exacerbated by wearing high heeled shoes or ones that don’t offer enough arch support. Damage to the foot from an accident or injury or from arthritic complications can also cause or exacerbate hammertoes.
Hammertoes do not improve on their own, so it is important to visit your foot care professional for treatment.
Conservative treatments for hammertoes include:
- The right shoes—Low heeled shoes with a roomy toe box will help relieve the pressure that is contributing to the bending of the toe.
- Strapping and splinting—These devices can be used to realign the bent toes.
- Medications—Steroid injections and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or other medications can reduce pain and swelling.
- Stretching—Exercises such as picking up small stones with your toes can help increase strength and flexibility.
- Orthotics—Specially-fabricated shoe inserts can control the imbalance between the muscle and tendon that is causing the toe to bend in the first place.
- Isolation pads—Corns and calluses can be cushioned to eliminate the source of rubbing.
If your hammertoes are very rigid or painful, surgery may be necessary to straighten them out. This can usually be performed on an outpatient basis by your foot care specialist, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The best course of action if you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, especially if you can’t tell the exact cause, is to have your foot doctor do a complete exam to get right to the core of the problem and begin the proper treatment.
3 common causes of pain on the top of the foot include:
- Breaks and stress fractures—The bones on the top of your foot are really quite delicate and susceptible to injury such as from dropping something heavy on your foot, causing a broken bone. Conversely, a stress or hairline fracture in one of the bones on the top of the foot can happen slowly over time, eventually causing considerable pain that may difficult to diagnose and pinpoint without the help of your foot doctor.
- Poorly fitting shoes—Tightly fitting shoes can increase the pressure on the top of the foot causing rubbing and blisters. Always choose shoes with a wide toe box to give your forefoot enough room to move. Shoes that are too loose should also be avoided since they can cause unnecessary friction.
- Systemic diseases—Like arthritis and gout can contribute to swelling and tenderness in the bones, ligaments, and other tissues on the top of the foot. Patients who have diabetes may feel discomfort on the top of the foot that is caused by peripheral nerve damage.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot that is accompanied with difficulty with weight bearing, or if you have a cut or wound that is causing the problem, you should have an immediate evaluation by your podiatrist. For any pain you are having in your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!