Posts for: January, 2019
Your arch is quite durable since it effectively supports your entire body weight. However, the arch is also quite fragile and susceptible to a variety of painful problems due to all the stress and pressure that it absorbs. Having untreated flat feet can be a major contributor to arch pain.
Your arch is actually made up of three segments, two that are longitudinal and one that goes across the width of your foot. Many other ligaments, tendons, and muscles have to work together every time you take a step, creating multiple opportunities for injury to occur.
Some common causes of arch pain include the following:
- Poorly-supporting footwear—Having poor arch support in your footwear puts too much stress on the arch. Make sure you wear properly-fitted shoes with the correct arch support for your foot type. Your foot doctor can perform a computerized gait analysis to determine the optimum support for your feet. Custom orthotic inserts may also be needed.
- Plantar fasciitis—This is an arch condition that is often associated with radiating heel pain. The initial inflammation occurs in the plantar fascia which is the name of the tissue that makes up your arch. The spot where the plantar fascia connects to the heel bone is often the site of a possibly painful heel spur.
- Excess weight and pressure—Being overweight puts extra stress and pressure on your feet, and if you add walking on hard surfaces for your job you are more likely to experience arch problems. If you participate in exercise and sports that involve a lot of running and jumping, you may also experience arch pain.
A variety of other conditions can cause arch pain, which is why you need to see your foot care professional for the proper diagnosis and treatment.
If you are having pain in your arches, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Reducing your chances of falling as you get older is an excellent way to avoid becoming one of the many elderly people who have suffered a serious injury after a bad fall. Older individuals are also more likely to be experiencing osteoporosis (bone loss), which increases the severity of breaks because bone integrity has been compromised.
6 ways to help avoid falls, fractures, and other foot and ankle injuries include the following:
- Wear the proper shoes and supports—Balance and coordination can be significantly improved by wearing properly-fitted shoes along with the correct custom-made orthotic inserts to improve ankle stability.
- Follow a healthy diet—Calcium and vitamin D are essential for healthy bones. Healthy veggies like kale and broccoli are high in vitamins and calcium. Dairy products also contain a lot of calcium. Daily sun exposure will naturally increase levels of vitamin D.
- Perform regular strength and flexibility exercises—Exercises to strengthen the muscles and increase the flexibility of the tendons surrounding your feet and ankles will increase stability and improve balance to help avoid falling.
- Install safety devices and remove tripping hazards—Railings and increased lighting on stairs and in hallways will make navigation easier. Relocate or remove tripping hazards like area rugs and extension cords.
- Quit smoking—Quitting smoking is essential to healthy bone development.
- Reduce or eliminate consuming alcohol—Alcohol increases dehydration and can make you wobbly on your feet, contributing to the falling risk.
If you have experienced a foot or ankle fracture or other painful injuries after falling, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Participating in ballet or modern dance puts an enormous amount of pressure and stress on the feet and ankles to produce all that graceful, fluid motion. So it is not very surprising that dancers are frequently seen in the podiatrist’s office for treatment of skin conditions and a variety of foot and ankle injuries and deformities.
Some of the injuries and problems often experienced by dancers include the following:
- Fractures and other injuries—All the leaping and twirling often leads to falls and accidents which can cause sudden injuries like ankle sprains and bone fractures. Stress fractures can develop over time from all the continuous pounding. These can be very painful and difficult to treat. Plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and tendonitis are also very common in dancers.
- Blisters and other skin conditions—The ballet slippers, dance heels, and pointe shoes that dancers wear can cause continuous irritation. This can result in blisters, corns, and calluses on the ankles, feet and toes. Care and isolation of these injuries with padding and orthotic inserts can help avoid complications such as bacterial or fungal nail infections.
- A high prevalence of toe deformities—Deformed toenails, hammertoes, and bunions are a frequent occurrence in dancers. These occur because of the concentrated weight and pressure that pushes on their feet in tightly-fitting footwear.
To decrease the dangers of foot injuries while dancing and to help prevent future foot and ankle problems, it is essential for dancers to work closely with their foot care professional for the proper diagnoses and for ongoing preventive treatment. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Your feet are actually susceptible to cancer just like other parts of your body. However, since your feet don’t usually get a lot of ultraviolet light exposure, it can be surprising to find out that skin cancer on the feet and ankle occurs quite often. Cancerous growths can resemble other conditions, so always have them evaluated by your foot doctor.
Some of the most common types of skin cancer to affect the feet include the following:
- Melanoma—This is a less common form of cancer, but since it grows inward and largely out of sight, it reaches the lymph nodes and circulatory system and spreads more rapidly throughout the body.
- Basal cell carcinoma—This cancer grows very slowly and it may initially appear as a pink or white bump with a waxy coating. As the tumor gets larger, it may become covered with a bleeding crust. There is usually no pain associated with this type of cancer, but it can still be quite deadly.
- Squamous cell carcinoma—While this is a less aggressive type of tumor, it can still be deadly if not caught early enough. The squamous cells are in the upper layer of the skin, and when they are stricken by skin cancer, the appearance of a spike or horn sticking out from the skin is often evident.
Always be on the lookout for unusual swelling and abnormal (or even normal looking) growths on your feet and ankles. By bringing them to the attention of your foot specialist, you can hopefully catch any bone or skin cancer early to prevent the tumor from spreading to other parts of the body.
If you have any lesions on your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Gout is often thought of as a condition affecting older people and it is most common between the ages of 40 and 60. But gout can occur in men and women who are much younger and older. The big toe and ankle joints are frequently affected by symptoms of extreme pain and tenderness to the touch.
Gout is the body’s response to too much uric acid in the blood. While uric acid is a normal component of blood, when the concentration is too high it will crystallize into the peripheral joints causing considerable pain.
Some causes of and contributing factors to a gout attack include the following:
● Having high blood pressure
● High stress
● Chemotherapy side effects
● Certain medications and vitamins
Some excellent recommendations to treat a gout attack and to avoid getting gout in the first place include the following:
- Avoid consuming beverages and foods high in purines like shellfish, organ meats, red wine, beer, and organ meats
- Prescription medications like allopurinol can be used to decrease uric acid and treat pain and swelling
- Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages which can cause dehydration and increase uric acid
- Avoid putting any weight on the foot as much as possible and raise the foot above your heart to help reduce swelling and discomfort.
The symptoms of a gout attack will usually subside within a few hours or days. If you have repeated gout attacks, treatment with long-term medication may be appropriate and will help avoid permanent damage to the joints.
If you are having foot or ankle problems caused by gout, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!