Posts for: December, 2018
Proper care of your feet is extremely important when you have diabetes. This disease causes nerve damage in your feet that can make it hard to know when you have an injury. The reduced circulation often experienced by patients with diabetes also causes wounds and blisters to heal more slowly or not at all. This can increase the risk of a terrible infection that could lead to amputation of one or more of your toes, or even an entire foot in severe cases.
The following tips will help avoid major problems:
- Daily foot checks— Check for any cuts, blisters, swelling or redness. Be sure to look between your toes since problems can easily go unnoticed in this area. You can check the bottom of your feet with a mirror.
- Wash and carefully dry your feet every day—Always test that the water is not too hot and carefully wash and dry your feet at least once a day to keep fungi and bacteria under control.
- Cut your toenails correctly—To avoid ingrown toenails, cut them straight across and not too short.
- Corns and calluses—should be treated by your podiatrist to avoid any cuts and infections.
- Wear specially-designed diabetic shoes—These are an excellent way to keep your feet in good health with the added comfort and support they provide.
- Don’t smoke tobacco—Smoking causes restriction of blood flow and contributes to neuropathy.
- Get regular foot exams—See your podiatrist for proper evaluation and to develop a comprehensive treatment plan for the ongoing care of your feet.
If you are experiencing diabetic foot complications, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Choosing the right shoes is one of the best decisions you can make to keep your feet happy and healthy. The many benefits of properly-supported feet radiate to your knees, hips, and back, so make choosing the correct footwear for work, sporting, and leisure pursuits a high priority.
Some tips for choosing the right shoes include the following:
- The necessary support for your arch and ball—The metatarsal dome in the ball area of your foot needs proper support to equalize imbalances, so always choose shoes with good support in that area. This will help prevent nerve pinching and conditions like sesamoiditis and neuromas. Sturdy, well-fitted shoes with the correct arch support are essential for optimal foot and overall health.
- Breathable fibers—Natural fibers like canvas and leather, and man-made fibers like Gore-Tex are flexible and breathable and allow for moisture evaporation. This is essential since your feet have many sweat glands, and keeping your feet dry prevents blisters, rashes, and infections from fungi and bacteria. Infections are a major cause of foot complications, especially in patients who have diabetes, where even a minor cut can go unnoticed and lead to an ulcer and possible amputation.
- Deep heel cups—A deep heel cup in will surround your heel, increase stability and ensure the best support by keeping your heel from moving from side to side.
Your podiatrist can perform a computerized gait analysis to determine your foot type and what shoe is right for you. If you would like help choosing the right footwear, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The deformity called hammertoe gets its name because of the propensity of the middle toes to bend into the shape of a hammer due to muscle and tendon imbalances. These imbalances are actually hereditary, but they can become exacerbated by stress and pressure. Shoes like high heels that push your toes together are a major cause of toe deformities like hammertoes and bunions.
Hammertoes are more flexible and more easily straightened in the early stages of the condition. Seeing your podiatrist at this stage will allow you to effectively treat your hammertoes without the need for surgery. A variety of methods are used to stretch and hold the toes in a straighter position.
Some excellent early hammertoe treatments include the following:
- Properly-fitted shoes—Always have your shoes properly fitted to provide the right combination of cushioning and support. A wide toe box is essential for giving your toes room to move without creating friction against your footwear and to allow room for pads and orthotic inserts.
- Physical therapy—Strengthening and flexing your toes with regular therapy exercises will help straighten toes and maintain flexibility in the joints, muscles, and tendons. Toe extension and towel scrunching are excellent exercises for this purpose.
- Padding and custom orthotic inserts—Orthotic shoe inserts can redirect pressure from the bent toes and aid in straightening. A variety of cushioned pads are available to help reduce rubbing against the corns that often form on top of hammertoes.
When hammertoes have become more advanced, it may be necessary to have a surgical procedure to correct them. Depending upon how rigid and bent your toes have become, several options are available that you can discuss with your foot doctor.
If you are having problems with painful hammertoes, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Heel pain that is often most noticeable first thing in the morning is one of the telltale signs of plantar fasciitis. The symptoms may occur only occasionally in the beginning. But by continuing to perform the activity that causes the stress to the plantar fascia, the condition can become worse as the tiny tears get larger and the pain in the heel becomes debilitating.
While being on your feet all day may be unavoidable, there are ways to improve your foot support and mechanics to avoid the injury in the first place.
3 potential causes of plantar fasciitis that you can treat proactively include:
- Poorly fitting shoes and improper arch support—Wearing unsupportive shoes with improper arch support is one of the major contributors to developing this condition.
- Being overweight—Carrying extra pounds increases the pressure to the plantar fascia, especially when the arch isn’t properly supported.
- Calf muscle problems— High-heeled shoes contribute to a multitude of foot and ankle problems. These shoes cause the calf muscle to shorten and tighten which can lead to weakness in your plantar fascia. Try to limit the amount of time spent wearing pumps and other high heels, or better yet just stop wearing them altogether. Your feet will thank you.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis include:
- Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation
- Stretching and strengthening exercises for the calf muscles and Achilles tendon
- Being sure to wear properly-fitted shoes with good arch support
- Immobilizing the foot with a rigid boot while healing occurs may be necessary in severe cases
- Surgery may be required for serious tears to the plantar fascia.
If you are experiencing the arch and heel pain of plantar fasciitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!