Posts for: November, 2018
A major cause of severe injury in people over 65 is from falling. Reduce your chances of falling to stay healthy and active as you get older through proper diet and exercise and by using the right orthotic inserts. Since many older people also have osteoporosis which causes a weakening of the bones, it is important to find ways to avoid falling in the first place.
Reducing the risk of falling and decreasing bone loss will help avoid injuries and help you stay healthy as you get older.
Try these tips to help prevent falls:
- Orthotic inserts—Your foot doctor can correct balance problems and increase ankle stability with custom orthotic inserts and braces to help avoid falling.
- Get plenty of calcium and vitamins—Enough calcium and sufficient vitamin D in the diet will help nurture your bones. Yogurt, broccoli, and cauliflower are excellent dietary sources of calcium. If you don’t get much sun, then take a vitamin D supplement.
- Exercise regularly—Strengthening the muscles, tissues and tendons surrounding your foot and ankle bones will improve stability and decrease the chance of falling.
- Install safety devices—Railings and stair lighting will help to prevent accidents.
- Stop smoking—Quitting smoking is essential for your overall health and your bones will be stronger for it.
- Avoid alcohol—Alcoholic beverages cause dehydration and balance problems that can lead to a severe fall.
If you need help getting properly-fitted shoes and choosing the right orthotic inserts and braces, contact your foot care professional for the proper care. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Plantar warts are large warts that grow in the plantar fascia on the bottom of the foot. They usually occur in the heel or ball area and are often hidden by a thick layer of callused skin that hides them from view. Usually the only indication that you have a plantar wart is a small bump in the area that is extremely painful when pressed and that causes severe pain whenever you try to walk or exercise.
Treatments for plantar warts include the following:
- Laser treatment—This nearly painless process is utilized to burn off the wart and to cauterize the capillaries that bring blood to the wart, causing the virus to die.
- Freezing—Liquid nitrogen freezes the wart so it can be broken off in larger pieces.
- Acid treatments—Salicylic acid is applied to the wart to remove it a layer at a time.
- Surgical removal—Severe cases of embedded warts that are hidden under thick skin may require surgery.
Preventing plantar warts
All warts are caused by the very common human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is extremely prevalent in the environment and can be spread by contact. Don’t scratch your warts, because you will then spread the virus to other areas of your skin or to other people. Limit contact with microbes by protecting your feet with shower shoes or sandals when in public areas like locker rooms and showers. Keep your feet clean and dry to help decrease the type of environment that microbes love.
If you are having problems with painful plantar warts, consult our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A fungal toenail infection is caused by microscopic fungi that love the warm and moist environment that is found inside your sneakers and shoes. When the fungi get under your toenails, it can cause them to become discolored, thick, and brittle, and a bad odor may be noticeable. Fungal toenails are caused by the same fungus that causes athlete’s foot.
6 tips that can help you avoid getting toenail fungus:
- Cut your toenails properly—Try not to cut your nails too short and always trim them straight across. If you have trouble cutting your toenails, you can have it done at your podiatrist’s office and avoid hurting yourself.
- Keep your feet clean—Be sure to wash your feet daily and make certain that they are completely dry before wearing your socks and shoes.
- Wear breathable footwear and socks—Wear socks and shoes that are made of breathable materials like canvas or Gore-Tex. This will help wick away moisture that can provide an ideal environment for fungi to proliferate.
- Protect your feet—Whenever using public showers, around swimming pools, or in locker room areas, always wear sandals or shower shoes to minimize your contact with microorganisms.
- Antifungal creams and powders—Antifungal topicals can be used to kill the fungi and can be applied directly to your feet and the inside of your shoes.
- Avoid spreading—Don’t share nail clippers and other personal care devices or products with others to avoid cross-contamination and spreading of the fungal organisms.
If you are having problems with a fungal toenail infection, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Patients with diabetes who have numbness from nerve damage often experience a complete lack of feeling in their feet as the disease progresses. This can lead to the development of a problem called Charcot Foot. With this condition, you’ll find a severe and disabling deformity that occurs to the foot often without the patient even being aware of it. Weakened bones can actually fracture and cause the foot to collapse, requiring surgery or even possible amputation.
Symptoms of Charcot foot
Extreme swelling and warmth in the foot are early signs of this disorder. Always have your foot specialist perform a thorough exam. Many of the problems of Charcot foot will be physically obvious, but imaging studies such as X-ray or MRI are necessary to determine the full extent of the damage.
Treatments for Charcot foot include the following:
- Rigid boot or cast may be required—Weakened bones in the feet may need a rigid boot or cast to hold them in place while healing occurs. A wheelchair or walker will help to decrease pressure on the foot during the healing period which may last for several months or more.
- Custom orthotic inserts and specially made shoes—After the initial healing period from any surgery or other intervention, you will need to wear custom shoes. These are constructed with stabilizing braces and orthotic inserts to prevent foot ulcers and to keep the foot from collapsing again.
- Activity changes—An activity plan that isn’t too strenuous will be required to avoid causing new damage to the foot.
For expert treatment of Charcot foot disease, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!