Posts for: September, 2018
While the joint stiffening and damage caused by arthritis often affect the hands, back, knees, and hips, it can become a problem for your feet and ankles too, adversely affecting your ability to walk and exercise.
Early detection and treatment are essential to slowing the progression of this disease. Custom-made orthotic inserts used with the appropriate footwear can decrease the pain and increase mobility.
2 of the common types of arthritis that cause pain in the feet and ankles include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—When your immune system mistakenly regards the lining of your joints (the synovium) as a threat, the result is the unfortunate removal of the insulating material that separates your bones, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness. Massage and a relaxing foot soak will help relieve symptoms and medications can reduce pain and inflammation.
- Osteoarthritis—This is the kind of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on your joints over time. As the insulating cartilage in the joints lessens, the bones can rub directly against each other causing swelling, pain, and severe stiffness. Gout and psoriatic arthritis can also cause these symptoms. Physical therapy exercises to increase flexibility and strength will help maintain foot function and slow the progression.
A consultation with your foot care professional is essential to proper treatment of foot and ankle arthritis. A podiatrist will also identify other causes of foot and ankle pain that may be exacerbating your arthritic condition.
If you are concerned about foot and ankle arthritis, contact our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Peroneal tendonitis is one of the less common causes of potentially debilitating pain in the arch and on the outside of the foot. The peroneus longus and the peroneus brevis are the two tendons that support the side of the foot. These tendons then go on to make their connection to the muscles in the lower part of the leg.
The radiating arch pain of peroneal tendonitis has symptoms that are similar to the pain caused by plantar fasciitis, but the treatments for these two conditions are quite different. In fact, peroneal tendons heal rather rapidly when the source of the stress is removed, unlike the plantar fascia which can take weeks to rebound after a serious injury.
Your peroneal tendons are instrumental for providing ankle stability and for allowing your foot to roll out. They also play a role in the formation of the arch.
Initial symptoms will be severe pain and tenderness along the tendons on the outside of your foot, especially during exercise or when you try to roll your foot on the outer edge.
Some treatment options for peroneal tendonitis include:
● Resting, icing, and elevating the foot
● Stretching and flexing the foot and the calf muscles
● Balance improvement exercises
● Ultrasound healing
Be sure to see your podiatrist for proper custom-made arch supports and shoe inserts. Store-bought supports may not properly shift the pressure off the side of the foot and will merely exacerbate the problem.
If you have pain on the side of your foot, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A bunion is a bony growth that grows on the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend inwards and push into the other toes. This type of bump can also occur in a smaller version on the pinky toe which is probably why it is called a bunionette. Bunions and bunionettes are the results of structural imbalances involving the tendons and ligaments that connect to the toes and help them to move.
Some of the signs that you are developing a bunion include:
- Bony bump—You will notice a bony protrusion growing on the side or top of the big toe joint.
- Toe bending—Because of the structural abnormalities affecting the joint, your big toe will bend towards your other toes. This will get progressively more pronounced if not treated.
- Skin discoloration—The skin covering the bony bump will appear much redder or darker than the surrounding skin.
- Calluses and corns—The thickened skin of a callus or corn may develop in response to the friction caused by over and underlapping toes
Treatment options for bunions include the following:
- Properly-fitting shoes with a wide toe box
- Custom orthotic inserts, toe splints, or braces to redistribute pressure
- Strength and flexibility exercises
- Surgical reduction of the bunion and toe realignment
Since the ligaments, tendons, and other tissues in the toe will become more stressed over time as the bunion grows, is very important to have the condition treated as early as possible to avoid painful nerve conditions like metatarsalgia. Arthritis and bursitis may also become more pronounced in a toe affected by a bunion.
If you suspect that you are developing a bunion, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!