Posts for: August, 2018
The wide, thick, fibrous tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot can become stressed and inflamed causing considerable pain and discomfort. This heel pain condition is known as plantar fasciitis. The most common early indication of plantar fasciitis is pain in back of the heel that is most noticeable when you first arise after sleeping.
Often these symptoms occur sporadically, so you may not think anything serious is happening, but the repeated stress can cause tiny tears to develop. These tears will cause increased pain and may require treatment from your podiatrist for proper healing to occur.
Causes of plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is usually the result of having one or more of the following issues:
- Improper footwear—Shoes with improper arch support which can cause overstretching or the plantar fascia.
- Obesity—Excess weight puts stress on the arch.
- Flat feet—Having flat feet or fallen arches makes you more susceptible to developing plantar fasciitis.
- Excess stress—People who spend a lot of time on their feet for work or sporting activities are more likely to strain ligaments and tendons, including the plantar fascia.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is best treated when it is caught in the beginning stages. Treatments may include:
- RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation)
- Calf muscle and Achilles tendon stretches
- Wearing shoes with good arch support
- Immobilizing boot or night splints
Strength and flexibility exercises will be needed after the initial healing phase is completed.
If you have been suffering from heel pain, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having the feeling that your feet are burning can range from just a little discomfort to something so severe that the pain wakes you up at night. There are a wide variety of conditions that can cause the feeling of burning feet, with some of them also causing numbness or a pins-and-needles sensation.
Decreased blood flow to the legs and feet due to PAD (peripheral artery disease) can create the sensation of burning feet. Other causes of burning feet could be a skin infection or just ordinary fatigue that causes your feet to become inflamed. Diagnosing the actual cause of burning feet can be quite complicated since the phenomenon is often an indication of nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy), the cause of which can be difficult to diagnose.
Some causes and contributing factors to burning feet include the following:
- A constricted nerve
- Athlete’s foot infection
- Kidney problems
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
- Vitamin and nutrient deficiencies
- Complications from diabetes
- Alcoholic neuropathy
- HIV infection
- Exposure to toxic chemicals
- Lyme and other tick-borne illnesses
- Chemotherapy side effects
If you have a persistent burning sensation in your feet that is becoming more and more painful, make an appointment with your foot care professional for the correct diagnosis and treatment. Without the right treatment, it is possible that you could lose all feeling in your feet and toes.
Once the cause of your burning feet is determined, your podiatrist will develop a comprehensive treatment program. If you are suffering from burning feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A heel spur is a small, bony protrusion that extends from the back of the heel bone. It is formed over many months from calcium deposits and is often found in conjunction with another condition called plantar fasciitis.
These types of conditions are caused by excess stress and strain to the tendons and ligaments of the feet and ankles. Athletes who do a lot of running and jumping with quick starts and stops, such as from playing tennis or basketball, often experience this condition. Even though the heel spur itself may not always be painful, a large spur can extend out a half an inch or more, making footwear painful or impossible to use.
Risk factors for developing heel spurs include:
Improperly fitting footwear—The correct arch support for your foot type is essential to avoiding the tendon and ligament stress and damage that can lead to the growth of heel spurs. Your feet should be properly measured when shopping for new footwear and any gait abnormalities need to be addressed to avoid putting excessive pressure on the heel.
- Excess weight—As you get older and possibly gain some extra weight, the flexibility of the tendons and ligaments in the feet lessens and the protective layer of fat on the heel decreases, increasing the chance that heel spurs will occur.
Treatment for heel spurs
Small heel spurs will respond well to conservative measures including modified and correctly-fitted shoes with extra cushioning in the heel area. Physical therapy will help to increase strength and relax the inflamed tissue. Custom-fitted orthotic inserts for stabilization and additional cushioning are also helpful.
If you are suffering from the pain of a heel spur, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Blisters are a very common foot problem that is usually caused by excess rubbing on your footwear. Your skin responds to this friction by producing a pus-filled area on your skin. The fluid in a blister is most often clear, but it can also be slightly red or pink if bleeding is present. A yellow fluid discharge could be a sign of infection. Blisters can also be exacerbated by excessive perspiration and fungal or bacterial infections such as athlete’s foot and toenail fungus.
What Causes Blisters?
Blisters are often caused by shoes that are too tight, but they can also occur when shoes are too loose and your feet move around too much while rubbing on the interior. Always wear properly-fitted shoes with good arch support and extra room in the toe box.
The majority of blisters can be treated at home if they have no bleeding or signs of infection. By inserting a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister and draining out the pus, you keep the blister from popping and possible becoming more painful and infected.
- Clean and sterilize—Wash the area with soap and warm water, then wipe the area down with a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide.
- Prick the edge of the blister with a sterilized needle—Insert a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister where it meets the surrounding skin to puncture the blister.
- Drain the fluid from the blister—Carefully squeeze the blister with a cotton ball and slowly push the pus out while keeping the skin intact to prevent future infection and help the healing process.
- Bandage—Use hydrogen peroxide to clean the area and apply antibiotic ointment. Cover with a large bandaid or sterile bandage.
If you have hard-to-treat blisters on your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Many people don’t realize that they can get skin cancer on their feet, even on the heels. Skin cancer is often associated with excess sun exposure, and some people are more susceptible to sun damage than others. Individuals with lighter skin, hair and eyes will burn more easily and may be more vulnerable to developing skin lesions and cancer. However, UV exposure is not the only factor involved in developing skin cancer, so even though your feet may rarely be exposed to the sun, you still need to check them for unusual looking lesions.
Potentially deadly skin cancers such as melanomas can have the appearance of benign conditions such as plantar warts, ulcers, blisters, and ingrown toenails, so it’s always a good idea to have these evaluated by your foot doctor for the correct diagnosis. A skin biopsy may be performed to check for skin cancer.
Two other factors that may increase your chances of getting skin cancer on your feet include:
- Poor immune system function—When your immune system is compromised by viral infections such as AIDS or the human papillomavirus (HPV), it makes it more difficult for your body to defend itself against malignant growths. Having transplant surgery may also weaken your immune system. Acral lentiginous melanoma, cancer that grows on the soles of the feet and underneath the toenails, is more likely to occur in people with compromised immune systems.
- Chemicals and other contaminants—Exposure to harsh chemicals that can cause burns. Being exposed to environmental chemicals released by industries such as refineries and power plants can damage your skin’s DNA, thereby increasing the risk of lesions and cancer developing.
If you have any worrisome growths or lesions on your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!