Posts for: May, 2018
Stubbing your toe happens suddenly and unexpectedly, causing a painful experience even if the actual injury is relatively minor. Because your toes have only a small amount of fatty tissue to insulate them from any shock, a stubbed toe injury can often be very painful without being very severe. This is not always the case, however, and since there is the possibility that you may have a more serious injury like a fracture, it is important to have your toe evaluated by your foot care professional so you don’t accidentally make things worse.
How can I tell if my toe may be broken?
The symptoms of a toe fracture are severe pain in your toe, especially when you try to walk; bleeding under the toenail; swelling and bruising that lasts for more than two or three days.
Stubbing your toe can also create enough stress to cause a tendon or ligament injury, and the possible dislocation of one or more joints. There is also the possibility of infection taking hold. It has also been shown in studies that a stubbed toe is more susceptible to developing arthritis as you get older.
Stubbed and broken toe treatments
If your stubbed toe is not too severe, the pain and swelling will usually subside within a day or two. If it goes beyond that, you may have a more serious problem requiring the services of a podiatrist.
An x-ray will be taken to rule out any broken bones. A broken toe can often be successfully treated by buddy taping it to the toe next to it. Wearing a special cast boot or shoe will immobilize the area while healing occurs
In severe cases, surgery may be required to realign the toe and to remove any bone fragments that may have gotten into the joint.
If you suspect that your stubbed toe may be broken, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If one or more of your toes appears with a bent shape at the joint (like the shape of a hammer), then you probably have a condition known as hammertoe, but it could also be mallet toe, which is pretty much the same thing. This condition is not always painful in the early stages, but a hammertoe can become more deformed over time, and as it presses harder against your footwear you may develop painful corns on the tops of your hammertoes.
While this condition is usually considered to be hereditary, it can also be exacerbated by other conditions such as arthritis, wearing improperly fitting shoes, and having flat feet. Traumatic injury to the toe, such as by dropping a heavy object like a laptop on it, can also aggravate this condition.
Diagnosis and treatment of hammertoes
A comprehensive foot examination by your podiatrist will determine the severity of the muscle contractions and tendon imbalance that may be causing the toe to bend improperly. X-rays and MRI’s will more accurately determine the extent of the toe deformity.
Some of the treatments your podiatrist may recommend include the following:
●Custom orthotic inserts—Orthotics address a variety of complications including imbalance between the muscle and tendon which may be the cause of the deformity.
●Splinting and strapping—These can be used to help realign the toes and force them into position.
●Cushions and padding—Store bought or specially-made pads can be used on corns to help prevent rubbing and blister formation.
●Pain relieving meds—For pain and inflammation.
●Strength and flexibility exercises—Toe stretching and flexibility exercises such as towel scrunches and marble pickups will help strengthen muscles.
If you are experiencing painful and rigid toes, you may have a hammertoe problem, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you notice a painful bump on the back of your heel at the location where your Achilles tendon attaches to the bone, then you may have a Haglund’s deformity. While this abnormality frequently affects women who wear high heels and is known as the “pump bump,” it can similarly affect anyone who wears shoes with tight, rigid backs.
People who have flat feet and those with tight Achilles tendons are more susceptible to developing Haglund’s deformity since these conditions increase the pressure on the heel that causes the bony enlargement to develop. Some of the symptoms include extreme heel pain, swelling, and blistering, and bursitis may also be evident.
Initial treatment for Haglund’s deformity
Eliminating the source of the irritation by wearing shoes that don’t rub on the heel will help immediately. Try wearing backless footwear like sandals or clogs to give your heels a rest. Applying ice packs to the heel will help to reduce swelling. Simple heel pads added to your footwear backs can also ease pain and rubbing. If you have a tight Achilles tendon or high arches, always use the correct arch supports and perform daily tendon stretching exercises suggested by your podiatrist. Ibuprofen or other over-the-counter pain relievers can reduce swelling and discomfort.
Further treatment options for Haglund’s deformity
If the bump continues to get larger and if the pain becomes worse, there are several other options for treatment that may include:
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts—By redistributing the pressure on the heel, these inserts can relieve swelling, rubbing, and discomfort.
- Foot immobilization—In severe cases, it may be necessary to wear a walking boot or soft cast so the foot has a chance to properly heal.
If these methods do not improve the condition, a surgical procedure may be necessary to reshape the bone.
If you are suffering with heel pain, consult with our board certified podiatrists atFoot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Primary causes of hospitalization and lower extremity amputation in patients with diabetes are wounds and cuts that occur on the feet and toes that can become quickly infected and gangrenous. Often a patient with diabetes is unaware that he or she has a cut because peripheral neuropathy inhibits the sensation of pain. However, foot ulcers are actually a preventable condition with the diligent intervention and care that is so very important if you have diabetes.
Foot Ulcer Prevention
Here is a list of steps to take to minimize the development of potentially dangerous and sometimes even deadly foot ulcers:
- Proper shoes—Proper shoe choice and expert fitting with orthotics are essential to the good health of your feet in general, but especially in the case of those patients who have diabetes. Specially-made shoes and custom orthotic inserts are two excellent ways of avoiding foot and ankle injuries.
- Proper washing and drying—You can help avoid infection by washing your feet daily and drying carefully.
- Foot inspections— Always carefully check between the toes and don’t forget to look at the bottoms of your feet using a mirror if needed.
- Proper nail trimming—An ingrown nail is often the place an infection starts. This can be avoided by always carefully trimming your toenail straight across rather than on a curve. Keep in mind to never share your clippers and other foot care products as well as footwear to avoid cross-bacterial and fungal contamination.
- Temperature extremes—Avoid either very hot or very cold water and air temperatures.
- Manage your disease—Keep your blood sugar in the recommended ranges. Proper exercise and eating a healthy, balanced diet are also vital.
- Regular visits to your podiatrist—It is extremely important to develop a comprehensive foot care regimen with your foot care professional to properly manage your diabetes. This also is an excellent way to be proactive with your condition and to avoid unnecessary complications.
If you are experiencing foot ulcers or other complications from diabetes, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having pain in your heel when you first put weight on your foot at the beginning of your day or after a long time sitting in one place is an indication that you may have a condition called plantar fasciitis.
This foot condition is characterized by an inflammation of the connective tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot. The plantar fascia, as this tissue is called, helps to support your arch and provides the much needed cushioning and stress absorption your body needs. People who are on their feet all day for work and athletes who experience a lot of repetitive stress to their feet and ankles are more susceptible to this condition.
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms
- Back of the heel pain—A sharp, stabbing pain or something more dull and achy may be indicative of this condition.
- Inflammation in the arch—You may experience a burning sensation on the bottom of your foot that extends to the back of your heel.
- Foot stiffness—You may have problems bending your foot back and forth without pain and discomfort.
The best early treatments for plantar fasciitis include rest, icing, and stretching exercises. Medications such as Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help with any pain you have. Custom orthotic inserts may be suggested by your podiatrist to eliminate the pressure and redistribute weight to help support the heel.
Wearing properly fitted shoes, switching to low impact activities like cycling and swimming, and keeping your weight down will also contribute to healing. The benefits of physical therapy exercise to strengthen the muscles and increase flexibility in the tendons cannot be underestimated. Laser therapy can also help by increasing circulation, decreasing swelling, and speeding the healing response.
If you are experiencing the often unrelenting pain of plantar fasciitis, the help of your foot doctor is essential for the most efficacious treatment. Do not hesitate to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!