Posts for: October, 2017
The condition of flatfoot occurs when the arches collapse, and depending upon the severity and length of time the condition has gone untreated, a variety of complications may arise. Flat feet are usually an inherited condition, but they can also be the result of injury, disease, excessive weight, and arthritis.
Children often experience a variety of flat feet that is usually painless and often resolves over time, as the bones and other tissues develop.
More severe cases of flat feet are characterized by:
- Pain and swelling—There are longitudinal and transverse arches in the foot that can become painful and swollen during walking and other movements. The discomfort can be felt in the heel, midfoot, or outer foot, depending upon which structure is affected.
- Pronation problems—Rolling the ankle inwards (overpronation) is a frequent problem in those with high arches and can cause gait abnormalities that radiate to the knees, hips, and back.
- Foot deformities—People with flat feet that go untreated for a long time are more susceptible to developing foot abnormalities like bunions and hammertoes.
Treatment for flat feet may consist of the use of braces, custom orthotic inserts, physical therapy, and immobilization. Wearing supportive shoes with orthotic arch inserts can alleviate and prevent many flat foot complications, especially in the earlier stages. One easy way to see if you have flat feet is to wet your feet and stand on a flat surface. If the middle of your foot touches the floor, you may have flat feet.
If you need help assessing your foot imprint, or for other expert advice on treatment of flat feet, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
As with many conditions that affect the feet, the earlier treatment is sought, the better the outcome. This is especially true for the condition called hammertoe which causes the toes to bend into hammer like shapes often with the addition of corns or calluses appearing on the bent sections where the toes rub against footwear. Hammertoes often affect people hereditarily in the form of muscle imbalances and to those who wear restrictive shoes such as high heels.
In early stages, hammertoes are more flexible and can often be treated by stretching to a normal position and holding in place. But as a hammertoe ages, it becomes more bent and rigid and may require a surgical intervention to properly straighten.
Some of the best early hammertoe treatments include:
- Toe extension exercises—Spread out your toes and individually stretch them with manual manipulation.
- Toe strengthening exercises—Do the towel scrunching exercise by standing on a small towel and bunching up the material with your toes. You can also try picking up small objects like marbles with your toes and dropping them in a cup.
- Padding and moleskin—Isolating corns and calluses with pads can help alleviate pain by reducing rubbing.
- Wear shoes and sneakers with a wide toe box—Having enough room in your shoes for your feet to stretch and for the insertion of orthotic inserts is a great help.
Should your hammertoes not respond to conservative measures, and if increasing pain and locomotion issues are becoming unbearable, a variety of surgical interventions are available depending upon the rigidity and severity of your hammertoe problem.
For more expert advice on hammertoe treatment, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Gymnastics is a very demanding sport that requires considerable dedication and strenuous preparation in order to compete at the highest levels of international competition. Injuries to young gymnasts occur at an alarming rate, with many thousands of doctor visits necessitated each year. While many of these injuries are the result of accidents, a large number of them can likely be prevented with some common sense approaches.
Young gymnasts are particularly prone to these types of injuries:
- Fractures—Too much sudden pressure can cause a bone to crack or completely break. Another type of fracture caused by repetitive motion is the stress fracture, which occurs over time and frequently affects the metatarsal bones in the toes.
- Ankle sprains and strains—An inward or outward rolling of the ankle is a frequent occurrence in gymnastic training and competition. If the ligaments and tendons are stressed excessively, a painful injury can result with a concomitant increase in swelling and bruising.
- Strained muscles—While stressed out ligaments and tendons can cause a variety of complications, muscle strain is also a major cause of debilitation among gymnasts.
Preventing these types of injuries involves:
- Safety measures—Special footwear, harnesses, and various orthotic and padding devices may be used. Spotters should be on duty for difficult maneuvers. Protected floors are also a huge benefit.
- Warm ups—Stretching and warming up before training and competitions are essential to avoiding injury.
- Regular checkups—Seeing a podiatrist for treatment before symptoms become worse is an excellent proactive measure.
Many of these common injuries can be avoided with care and diligence, but having an experienced podiatrist in your corner is invaluable when injuries do occur. For more expert advice on treatment for gymnastics injuries, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Many athletes have experienced the debilitating pain and discomfort of plantar fasciitis. One of the best ways to avoid this injury and the time consuming rehabilitation process is to take preventative measures involving stretching and strengthening exercises.
The plantar fascia is the connective tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot between the toes and the heel. Specific stretching and strengthening exercises that will keep the Achilles tendons and calf muscles flexible and robust can prevent putting too much stress on the plantar fascia.
These exercises include:
- Arch stretching—From a seated position, place one foot over your lap and pull the toes back to stretch out the plantar fascia. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat five times.
- Calf stretching—While facing a wall with one leg forward and one leg back, bend the knee of the front leg for a good stretch. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat several times.
- Step stretching—While standing on the edge of a step, gradually lower your heels to produce a stretch in the Achilles tendons and calf muscles. Raise your heels up and repeat five times.
- Calf strengthening—While standing, raise your heels to stretch your calf muscles. Repeat ten times
- Toe strengthening—With an elastic band wrapped around your toes, spread your toes wide and release. Repeat ten times. Another good toe exercise is to pick up marbles with your toes and drop them in a cup. You can also perform towel scrunches by placing a small towel on the floor and scrunching it back and forth with your toes.
If despite your best efforts you run into any problems with plantar fasciitis, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment