Posts for category: skin conditions
Having calluses and cracked heels is a common foot problem that is usually just a minor annoyance for the majority of people and some thick skin is essential and beneficial to the proper cushioning and protection of your feet. However, when calluses get too thick and start cracking and bleeding, they can be very painful and make it hard to walk. A heel fissure can develop possibly leading to an infection and even amputation in severe cases.
Some of the causes of cracked heels include the following:
- Standing and walking on hard surfaces all day for work
- Being overweight adds pressure to your feet and can split your heel
- Thyroid condition
- Estrogen abnormality
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema
- Wearing shoes that have an open back
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
- Blood circulation problems
- Genetic component
Drinking sufficient healthy liquids (and avoiding sugary beverages and alcohol) throughout the day will help keep your skin hydrated. Consuming or applying omega 3 fatty acids is also good for the skin.
Some treatments for cracked heels include the following:
- The hard skin needs to be removed carefully with a file or pumice stone to avoid bleeding
- Holding cracks together with strapping will help them to heal faster
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts like the heel cup are effective at preventing the heel from expanding and cracking
- Creams and ointments will help rehydrate the skin
If you need help with cracking heels, consult with the foot doctors at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Our team of board certified podiatrists includes Greg Khaimov, DPM, FACFAS, Daniel Pollack, DPM, FACFAS, Walter Majdanski, DPM, AACFAS, Yakov Haimof, DPM, Mathew Yagudayev, DPM, AACFAS, and Kevin Jeong, DPM. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Plantar warts are so named because they grow in the plantar fascia, which is the wide band of fibrous tissue that spans the bottom of your foot. These warts form in response to pressure and often occur in the heel or ball area where stress is the highest. They also tend to form underneath the thick skin in these areas and the only visible sign is a small bump.
Plantar warts can look like cancerous lesions, so you should always have them evaluated by your podiatrist to get the proper treatment.
Treatment methods for painful plantar warts include the following:
- Freezing—Liquid nitrogen is applied to freeze the wart so that it can be removed in large sections. The cryotherapy treatment can be combined with chemical acid peeling to completely remove the wart.
- Medication to kill the virus that causes warts—The ubiquitous human papillomavirus actually causes all warts, so treating the virus with oral medication can be an excellent way to prevent warts from forming. These medications have possible side effects that you should discuss with your podiatrist.
- Acid peel—Strong salicylic acid is used to peel away the wart in layers. You can try the home treatment kits for this purpose that are available over the counter, but for the best results the stronger prescription acids are preferable.
You can help prevent getting plantar warts by keeping your feet clean and protected to help avoid coming into contact with the virus that causes warts. Always wear protective sandals or shower shoes in public locker rooms and showers.
If you are experiencing pain and discomfort from plantar warts, consult with our board-certified podiatrists Dr. Greg Khaimov, Dr. Daniel Pollack, Dr. Walter Majdanski, Dr. Yakov Haimov, Dr. Matthew Yagudayev and Dr. Kevin Jeong at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Blisters are a painful and annoying occurrence that is frequently caused by pressure from rubbing on the inside of your footwear. This can be caused by poorly-fitting shoes. Be sure to have your feet measured so your footwear is supportive and comfortable without being too loose or too tight.
Treatment for blisters includes the following:
- Carefully drain the fluid from a blister by inserting a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister and then press on the blister with cotton or tissues to soak up the fluid. Try to keep the skin covering the blister as intact as possible.
- Apply antibiotic ointment to the area and then cover with a band-aid or bandage to protect the skin and help prevent infection.
2 simple steps to avoid blisters on your feet include:
- Prevent skin rubbing against the inside of your footwear—By checking to see the location of the blisters and how they correspond to areas of your shoes, you can cover excess cloth or stitching that may be causing the rubbing. Place a piece of thick tape over the raised area and apply moleskin to any hot spots on your feet.
- Keep your feet clean and dry—Wearing breathable shoes and socks will help wick away moisture. Blisters often form when your feet are damp or sweaty. You are less likely to develop them when your skin is dry.
If you are experiencing blistering problems on your feet, your foot care professional can provide the best care. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Blisters are a very common foot problem that is usually caused by excess rubbing on your footwear. Your skin responds to this friction by producing a pus-filled area on your skin. The fluid in a blister is most often clear, but it can also be slightly red or pink if bleeding is present. A yellow fluid discharge could be a sign of infection. Blisters can also be exacerbated by excessive perspiration and fungal or bacterial infections such as athlete’s foot and toenail fungus.
What Causes Blisters?
Blisters are often caused by shoes that are too tight, but they can also occur when shoes are too loose and your feet move around too much while rubbing on the interior. Always wear properly-fitted shoes with good arch support and extra room in the toe box.
The majority of blisters can be treated at home if they have no bleeding or signs of infection. By inserting a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister and draining out the pus, you keep the blister from popping and possible becoming more painful and infected.
- Clean and sterilize—Wash the area with soap and warm water, then wipe the area down with a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide.
- Prick the edge of the blister with a sterilized needle—Insert a sterilized needle into the edge of the blister where it meets the surrounding skin to puncture the blister.
- Drain the fluid from the blister—Carefully squeeze the blister with a cotton ball and slowly push the pus out while keeping the skin intact to prevent future infection and help the healing process.
- Bandage—Use hydrogen peroxide to clean the area and apply antibiotic ointment. Cover with a large bandaid or sterile bandage.
If you have hard-to-treat blisters on your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Many people don’t realize that they can get skin cancer on their feet, even on the heels. Skin cancer is often associated with excess sun exposure, and some people are more susceptible to sun damage than others. Individuals with lighter skin, hair and eyes will burn more easily and may be more vulnerable to developing skin lesions and cancer. However, UV exposure is not the only factor involved in developing skin cancer, so even though your feet may rarely be exposed to the sun, you still need to check them for unusual looking lesions.
Potentially deadly skin cancers such as melanomas can have the appearance of benign conditions such as plantar warts, ulcers, blisters, and ingrown toenails, so it’s always a good idea to have these evaluated by your foot doctor for the correct diagnosis. A skin biopsy may be performed to check for skin cancer.
Two other factors that may increase your chances of getting skin cancer on your feet include:
- Poor immune system function—When your immune system is compromised by viral infections such as AIDS or the human papillomavirus (HPV), it makes it more difficult for your body to defend itself against malignant growths. Having transplant surgery may also weaken your immune system. Acral lentiginous melanoma, cancer that grows on the soles of the feet and underneath the toenails, is more likely to occur in people with compromised immune systems.
- Chemicals and other contaminants—Exposure to harsh chemicals that can cause burns. Being exposed to environmental chemicals released by industries such as refineries and power plants can damage your skin’s DNA, thereby increasing the risk of lesions and cancer developing.
If you have any worrisome growths or lesions on your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!