Posts for category: heel pain
Your Achilles tendon, which is the largest tendon in your body, is essential for doing everyday activities like walking and climbing stairs. So when you have an injury to this tendon (which connects your heel bone to your calf muscle), the resulting pain and discomfort can be extremely debilitating, causing a condition known as Achilles tendonitis.
The Achilles tendon is thick and tough, but it has a hard job to do. This tendon often becomes inflamed, swollen, and tender from repetitive stress and the pressure of overuse. As with all tendon strains, immediate attention to the problem will help to avoid a worsening of symptoms and will speed the recovery process and avoid downtime.
Achilles tendonitis is a common condition in athletes, dancers, and anyone who is on their feet all day doing repetitive motions. All the stress can combine to severely overload the tendon, causing stretching or possibly even completely breaking the tendon. When that happens, a loud snap is often heard followed by extreme pain.
For a more minor Achilles tendon pull, continuing to perform the exercise that caused it can rapidly increase the severity of the condition. It’s best to stop and evaluate the damage before continuing.
Treatments for less severe Achilles tendonitis include the following:
- Rest and elevate the affected foot to reduce swelling and pain
- Hot and cold compress therapy can help
- Physical therapy exercises to stretch the calf muscle are useful in many cases
- Custom orthotic inserts can redirect pressure away from the heel area
- Low-impact activities like swimming should be substituted until the tendon heals
For a severely stretched or torn Achilles tendon, surgery may be necessary for complete healing to occur. If you are having problems with Achilles tendonitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Heel pain that is often most noticeable first thing in the morning is one of the telltale signs of plantar fasciitis. The symptoms may occur only occasionally in the beginning. But by continuing to perform the activity that causes the stress to the plantar fascia, the condition can become worse as the tiny tears get larger and the pain in the heel becomes debilitating.
While being on your feet all day may be unavoidable, there are ways to improve your foot support and mechanics to avoid the injury in the first place.
3 potential causes of plantar fasciitis that you can treat proactively include:
- Poorly fitting shoes and improper arch support—Wearing unsupportive shoes with improper arch support is one of the major contributors to developing this condition.
- Being overweight—Carrying extra pounds increases the pressure to the plantar fascia, especially when the arch isn’t properly supported.
- Calf muscle problems— High-heeled shoes contribute to a multitude of foot and ankle problems. These shoes cause the calf muscle to shorten and tighten which can lead to weakness in your plantar fascia. Try to limit the amount of time spent wearing pumps and other high heels, or better yet just stop wearing them altogether. Your feet will thank you.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis include:
- Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation
- Stretching and strengthening exercises for the calf muscles and Achilles tendon
- Being sure to wear properly-fitted shoes with good arch support
- Immobilizing the foot with a rigid boot while healing occurs may be necessary in severe cases
- Surgery may be required for serious tears to the plantar fascia.
If you are experiencing the arch and heel pain of plantar fasciitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The wide, thick, fibrous tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot can become stressed and inflamed causing considerable pain and discomfort. This heel pain condition is known as plantar fasciitis. The most common early indication of plantar fasciitis is pain in back of the heel that is most noticeable when you first arise after sleeping.
Often these symptoms occur sporadically, so you may not think anything serious is happening, but the repeated stress can cause tiny tears to develop. These tears will cause increased pain and may require treatment from your podiatrist for proper healing to occur.
Causes of plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is usually the result of having one or more of the following issues:
- Improper footwear—Shoes with improper arch support which can cause overstretching or the plantar fascia.
- Obesity—Excess weight puts stress on the arch.
- Flat feet—Having flat feet or fallen arches makes you more susceptible to developing plantar fasciitis.
- Excess stress—People who spend a lot of time on their feet for work or sporting activities are more likely to strain ligaments and tendons, including the plantar fascia.
Treatments for plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is best treated when it is caught in the beginning stages. Treatments may include:
- RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation)
- Calf muscle and Achilles tendon stretches
- Wearing shoes with good arch support
- Immobilizing boot or night splints
Strength and flexibility exercises will be needed after the initial healing phase is completed.
If you have been suffering from heel pain, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A heel spur is a small, bony protrusion that extends from the back of the heel bone. It is formed over many months from calcium deposits and is often found in conjunction with another condition called plantar fasciitis.
These types of conditions are caused by excess stress and strain to the tendons and ligaments of the feet and ankles. Athletes who do a lot of running and jumping with quick starts and stops, such as from playing tennis or basketball, often experience this condition. Even though the heel spur itself may not always be painful, a large spur can extend out a half an inch or more, making footwear painful or impossible to use.
Risk factors for developing heel spurs include:
Improperly fitting footwear—The correct arch support for your foot type is essential to avoiding the tendon and ligament stress and damage that can lead to the growth of heel spurs. Your feet should be properly measured when shopping for new footwear and any gait abnormalities need to be addressed to avoid putting excessive pressure on the heel.
- Excess weight—As you get older and possibly gain some extra weight, the flexibility of the tendons and ligaments in the feet lessens and the protective layer of fat on the heel decreases, increasing the chance that heel spurs will occur.
Treatment for heel spurs
Small heel spurs will respond well to conservative measures including modified and correctly-fitted shoes with extra cushioning in the heel area. Physical therapy will help to increase strength and relax the inflamed tissue. Custom-fitted orthotic inserts for stabilization and additional cushioning are also helpful.
If you are suffering from the pain of a heel spur, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!