Posts for category: fractures
A severe break to your foot or ankle can happen in a wide variety of situations. It’s no wonder that fractures of the foot and ankle are among the most frequent problems seen in podiatrist’s offices.
While professional athletes are certainly more susceptible to a bone fracture due to the grueling stress and physical demands of their sport, people who perform lower stress routines are susceptible to breaking a bone in the foot or ankle as well. Accidents and falls are one of the major causes of foot and ankle fractures. Fractures can also occur from the stress of being on your feet all day for work or from dropping something heavy on your foot.
The type of fracture that you have experienced depends on the varying degrees of force that affect the bones and by the location and movement of the various pieces of bone that have been displaced.
The five major types of fractures that can affect the feet and ankles include the following:
- Compound—When you see a bone breaking through the skin it is called a compound fracture which is the worst type and requires surgery to repair.
- Comminuted—This is the name of a fracture that is broken into many pieces and extensive reconstruction is needed using screws and braces.
- Oblique—This type of fracture occurs on a diagonal across the foot.
- Transverse—This type of foot fracture includes a horizontal injury.
- Stable—A fracture is stable when the bones are not severely displaced. This is the easiest type to treat.
If you have experienced a traumatic injury to your foot or ankle consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you experience a break where a ligament separates from the bone and a small section of bone pulls away with it, then you have suffered an avulsion fracture. Younger athletes whose bones are not yet fully developed are more susceptible to these types of fractures, and they often occur at the elbows, hips, or ankles.
Due to the extreme stress on their feet, dancers are affected by this type of injury, and often in the fifth metatarsal bone that connects to the pinky toe. Rest, ice, a compression bandage, and elevation can treat a minor avulsion fracture. However, for more severe breaks, surgery may be needed.
Symptoms and signs of an avulsion fracture to the foot include:
- Rapid onset of intense pain
- Pain fluctuates with your activity intensity
- Inflamed, bruised, and tender tissue at the location of the break
- A protruding piece of bone may be evident
- You are unable to put weight on the foot
Treatment for an Avulsion Fracture
See your foot doctor right away for a physical exam and evaluation. Images studies made using X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans may be necessary to determine the extent of the damage. In the case of a displacement, the bones will need to be surgically aligned and reattached. A rigid boot is worn to immobilize the foot so healing can occur.
Physical therapy exercises will help to increase the strength and flexibility of muscles, ligaments, and tendons after the initial immobilization and healing period.
If you have suffered an avulsion fracture, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!