Posts for category: diabetic foot condition
Because of the peripheral nerve damage caused by diabetes, there can be a pronounced numbness and lack of feeling in the feet. This can cause even a relatively minor injury to go undetected. It doesn’t take long for an infection to start and quickly turn into a diabetic foot ulcer. This condition requires aggressive treatment to prevent spreading and may lead to the possible amputation of a toe or even an entire foot or lower leg.
Taking good care of your feet by wearing the right shoes and by performing daily foot inspections is the best way to avoid a foot ulcer.
Help avoid foot ulcers and possible amputation with these steps:
- Wear properly fitted shoes with braces and orthotic inserts—Your footwear needs to be comfortable yet supportive, which means not too tight or loose. Stress from rubbing can cause skin damage and blistering on your toes, so always choose shoes with a wide toe box to allow your toes room to move without rubbing. Specially-made shoes are available for patients with diabetes that have extra space for orthotic inserts and ankle braces.
- Inspect your feet every day—Diabetes causes damage to the nerves in your hands and feet, which can make it difficult to detect an injury or damage without performing a visual inspection. Try to get in the habit of doing daily foot inspections to check for cuts, blisters, scrapes, and ingrown nails. Inspect your heels and the balls of your feet for calluses and heel fissures that can crack and bleed, leading to infection. Use a mirror to check the bottom of your feet and be sure to carefully check between your toes.
For expert advice on foot ulcer prevention and treatment, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Proper care of your feet is extremely important when you have diabetes. This disease causes nerve damage in your feet that can make it hard to know when you have an injury. The reduced circulation often experienced by patients with diabetes also causes wounds and blisters to heal more slowly or not at all. This can increase the risk of a terrible infection that could lead to amputation of one or more of your toes, or even an entire foot in severe cases.
The following tips will help avoid major problems:
- Daily foot checks— Check for any cuts, blisters, swelling or redness. Be sure to look between your toes since problems can easily go unnoticed in this area. You can check the bottom of your feet with a mirror.
- Wash and carefully dry your feet every day—Always test that the water is not too hot and carefully wash and dry your feet at least once a day to keep fungi and bacteria under control.
- Cut your toenails correctly—To avoid ingrown toenails, cut them straight across and not too short.
- Corns and calluses—should be treated by your podiatrist to avoid any cuts and infections.
- Wear specially-designed diabetic shoes—These are an excellent way to keep your feet in good health with the added comfort and support they provide.
- Don’t smoke tobacco—Smoking causes restriction of blood flow and contributes to neuropathy.
- Get regular foot exams—See your podiatrist for proper evaluation and to develop a comprehensive treatment plan for the ongoing care of your feet.
If you are experiencing diabetic foot complications, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Primary causes of hospitalization and lower extremity amputation in patients with diabetes are wounds and cuts that occur on the feet and toes that can become quickly infected and gangrenous. Often a patient with diabetes is unaware that he or she has a cut because peripheral neuropathy inhibits the sensation of pain. However, foot ulcers are actually a preventable condition with the diligent intervention and care that is so very important if you have diabetes.
Foot Ulcer Prevention
Here is a list of steps to take to minimize the development of potentially dangerous and sometimes even deadly foot ulcers:
- Proper shoes—Proper shoe choice and expert fitting with orthotics are essential to the good health of your feet in general, but especially in the case of those patients who have diabetes. Specially-made shoes and custom orthotic inserts are two excellent ways of avoiding foot and ankle injuries.
- Proper washing and drying—You can help avoid infection by washing your feet daily and drying carefully.
- Foot inspections— Always carefully check between the toes and don’t forget to look at the bottoms of your feet using a mirror if needed.
- Proper nail trimming—An ingrown nail is often the place an infection starts. This can be avoided by always carefully trimming your toenail straight across rather than on a curve. Keep in mind to never share your clippers and other foot care products as well as footwear to avoid cross-bacterial and fungal contamination.
- Temperature extremes—Avoid either very hot or very cold water and air temperatures.
- Manage your disease—Keep your blood sugar in the recommended ranges. Proper exercise and eating a healthy, balanced diet are also vital.
- Regular visits to your podiatrist—It is extremely important to develop a comprehensive foot care regimen with your foot care professional to properly manage your diabetes. This also is an excellent way to be proactive with your condition and to avoid unnecessary complications.
If you are experiencing foot ulcers or other complications from diabetes, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Many patients with diabetes will develop a condition called peripheral neuropathy, which is characterized by a lack of feeling or numbness in the extremities. The cause of this loss of feeling is from damage to the nerve endings created by high blood sugar. Since this reduced sensation often affects the feet, one has to be very careful with any cuts, bruises, or blisters since they can go unnoticed and rapidly become infected leading to foot ulcers and possible amputation.
If you have diabetes, you already know how important it is to take care of your feet by managing your illness and following your doctor’s prescriptions. The importance of a good diet cannot be overemphasized, and the consumption of vital nutrients can even reverse or prevent diabetic nerve damage. It is important to consume foods that are rich in B vitamins to help nerves better communicate with each other. Antioxidants such as vitamins C and E will help slow down the aging process and help the nerves to heal. Minerals such as magnesium and copper are also essential for the production of neurotransmitters like serotonin.
Eating a wide variety of fruits and vegetables is a great way to get many of these essential nutrients. Also include fish, low fat meats, whole grains, and low fat dairy products in your diet. Some patients with gluten sensitivity may benefit from avoiding foods containing barley, wheat, and rye. Alcohol consumption should also be stopped or greatly limited since it can exacerbate neuropathy symptoms.
By being proactive to keep your nerves in good shape, you can slow or stop peripheral neuropathy and prevent debilitating complications.
For more expert advice on diabetes treatment, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!