Posts for category: Winter Foot Health Advice
Chilblains occur when the tiny veins called capillaries in your skin become irritated and inflamed after repeat exposure to cold, winter air. Often referred to as pernio, this condition causes red spots and blotches, severe itching, a burning sensation, and swelling and blistering on the hands and feet. Once you develop the condition of chilblains, they often become chronic and occur over a period of many years in correlation with cold weather. The best way to prevent the scourge of chilblains is to try avoiding getting the condition in the first place by dressing warmly and keeping exposed skin covered from exposure to the cold.
Signs and Symptoms of Chilblains include:
- Itching—Small, red, itchy areas on your hands and feet
- Skin color changes—Skin color can change from red to a dark blue with a pronounced increase in pain
- Burning feeling—A sensation of burning on the skin of the feet
- Wounds and blisters—This condition is often accompanied by blisters and small ulcers
Risk Factors for acquiring Chilblains include:
- Geography—People living in areas of high humidity and cold temperatures (but not freezing) are more likely to get chilblains. Chilblains are less likely to occur for people who live in areas where the temperature frequently drops below freezing.
- Tight shoes and clothing—Wearing tight fitting shoes and clothing, especially in a cold, damp environment, can increase the occurrences of chilblains.
- Gender—Women are more prone to developing chilblains, more so than men or kids.
- Circulation—Poor blood circulation can make you more sensitive to temperature fluctuations.
- Raynaud’s disease—is often a precursor to developing chilblains.
When the weather gets warmer, chilblains often get better on their own. However, if the pain persists or if you don’t notice any improvement after two or three weeks, you should check with your doctor to eliminate any other possible causes. If you have diabetes, you need to be especially watchful for skin wounds and blistering since they may develop into infections leading to possible amputation.
If you suspect that you may be suffering from chilblains on your feet, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
This winter's fashionable high-heeled boots put women at risk for slips, falls, and injuries on ice and snow. These popular boots typically feature tall, spiked heels and narrow, pointed toes.
Wearing high-heels makes you more unstable when walking or standing on dry surfaces, let alone slippery ones like ice or snow. A stylish low-heeled winter boot is a lot more fashionable than a cast and crutches. Dr. Khaimov also recommends women scuff-up the soles of new boots, or purchase adhesive rubber soles, to provide greater traction.
Falls from high-heeled winter boots can lead to a number of injuries, depending on how the woman loses her balance. If her ankles roll inward or outward, she can break her ankles. If her ankle twists, ligaments can be stretched or torn, causing an ankle sprain. According to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons consumer Web site, FootHealthFacts.org, broken and sprained ankles can be present at the same time. Dr. Khaimov is one of 6,000 ACFAS members.
This time of year we see a variety of broken bones occurring in patients who have slipped on the ice. These include broken toes, metatarsals, heels and ankles. Dr. Khaimov urges women hurt from slips and falls in high-heeled winter boots to contact his office at 201-363-9844 for prompt evaluation and treatment. In the meantime, immediately use the "R.I.C.E." method - rest, ice, compression and elevation - to help reduce swelling, pain and further injury.
"Delaying treatment can result in long-term complications such as chronic ankle instability and pain, arthritis, or deformity," says Dr. Greg Khaimov. "Even if you're able to walk on the injured foot, pain, swelling, or bruising indicates a serious injury."
Whether you live in a cold-weather climate or you're just vacationing in one, the winter season can be beautiful but also very dangerous, with snowy, icy walkways. Using caution when outside or traveling to wintery areas can help prevent ankle sprains and fractures from ruining your plans for enjoying the winter months.
Wear the right shoes for the weather: High-heeled boots may be fashionable but not very practical on slippery surfaces. Shoes or boots with a low heel and traction soles provide a more secure footing. If you need to wear high-heeled shoes, change into them when you arrive at your destination.
Check for slippery areas: Watch your step when exiting your car or walking out of a building. Take notice of any potentially icy areas. Keep your hands free to support and help provide balance in case you begin to fall.
Keep areas near doorways well-lit and clear of ice and snow: Areas around your house, especially stairs and sidewalks, should be well lit so that you and your guests can better detect icy areas.
Don't ignore an injured foot or ankle: If you do suffer an injury, don't delay in calling our office for prompt evaluation and treatment. In the meantime, the R.I.C.E. method should be followed.
Rest: Stay off the injured (foot/ankle). Walking may cause further injury.
Ice: Apply an ice pack to the injured area, placing a thin towel between the ice and the skin. Use ice for 20 minutes and then wait at least 40 minutes before icing again.
Compression: An elastic wrap should be used to control swelling.
Elevation: The (foot/ankle) should be raised slightly above the level of your heart to reduce swelling.
Delaying treatment can result in long-term complications such as chronic ankle instability and pain, arthritis, or deformity. Remember, even if you are able to walk on the injured foot,
you may still have a serious injury.