Posts for category: Fungal infections
Having your toenail grow into the tender skin on the edge of your toe is an extremely painful occurrence that can also lead to a bacterial or fungal toenail infection. An ingrown toenail can be especially troublesome for patients who have diabetes since a bacterial infection can quickly spread and may lead to amputation.
The symptoms of an ingrown toenail will include swelling, pain, tenderness, and redness where the nail and skin meet. You will often have extreme pain when you wear shoes that push on the affected toenail.
While having excessively curved nails can be an inherited tendency, you can still avoid ingrown toenails by following some basic procedures.
3 tips to prevent ingrown toenails include:
- Cut your toenails carefully—Always cut your toenails straight across and keep them a bit on the long side so the edge of the nail can grow over your skin instead of into it. If you have trouble cutting your toenails, have it done at your podiatrist’s office to avoid cuts and complications.
- Wear properly fitted shoes—Tight-fitting shoes such as high heels are very hard on your feet and are particularly bad for your toes. They force extra weight on your toes which increases pressure on the edges of the toenails and causes them to grow into the tender skin. Wear shoes with a wide toe box so your toes can move freely.
- Protect your feet—One of the main causes of ingrown toenails is from injuring your toe by stubbing or dropping something heavy on it. Always wear protective footwear and steel-toed inserts if you work in a dangerous environment.
If you are having problems with painful ingrown toenails, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Plantar warts are large warts that grow in the plantar fascia on the bottom of the foot. They usually occur in the heel or ball area and are often hidden by a thick layer of callused skin that hides them from view. Usually the only indication that you have a plantar wart is a small bump in the area that is extremely painful when pressed and that causes severe pain whenever you try to walk or exercise.
Treatments for plantar warts include the following:
- Laser treatment—This nearly painless process is utilized to burn off the wart and to cauterize the capillaries that bring blood to the wart, causing the virus to die.
- Freezing—Liquid nitrogen freezes the wart so it can be broken off in larger pieces.
- Acid treatments—Salicylic acid is applied to the wart to remove it a layer at a time.
- Surgical removal—Severe cases of embedded warts that are hidden under thick skin may require surgery.
Preventing plantar warts
All warts are caused by the very common human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is extremely prevalent in the environment and can be spread by contact. Don’t scratch your warts, because you will then spread the virus to other areas of your skin or to other people. Limit contact with microbes by protecting your feet with shower shoes or sandals when in public areas like locker rooms and showers. Keep your feet clean and dry to help decrease the type of environment that microbes love.
If you are having problems with painful plantar warts, consult our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Fungal nail infections can also be referred to as “onychomycosis” or even “tinea unguium”! The microscopic fungi that cause these infections thrive in the warm, wet conditions found in most shoes. The same fungi that cause athlete’s foot problems also cause fungal toenail infections, so it can be quite easy for such an infection to spread from your foot to your toenails.
Since the condition isn’t generally very painful, many people don’t even realize that they have a toenail infection until the symptoms become more pronounced over time. These symptoms include altered shape, brittleness, thickness, off-color, and smelliness — an oozing fungal nail infection can produce quite a distinctive smell that may be cringe-worthy!
If your infection has gotten this bad, you may wish to enlist the services of your podiatrist to ensure the best treatment. For difficult cases, this may involve laser therapy or surgical removal of the nail to get at and treat the underlying fungal infection.
You can avoid this by taking some simple steps to prevent nail fungus from getting started in the first place. These steps include:
- Proper toenail cutting technique—Always carefully cut your toenails straight across. A major cause of toenail fungus infections is an ingrown toenail that digs into your skin, allowing the fungi an opening.
- Cleanliness—Fungi need warm, wet conditions to grow. Washing your feet one or more times a day with a mild soap will help keep nail fungi from proliferating. Antifungal topical ointments or sprays can be used after washing.
- Foot protection—Whenever using public areas such as swimming pools, locker rooms, and showers, always protect your feet by wearing shower shoes or sandals to minimize contact with microbial invaders.
If you are experiencing a difficult fungal nail infection, we highly recommend that you consult our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!