Posts for category: Foot Pain
The condition of tarsal tunnel syndrome that affects the foot has many similarities to the wrist condition called carpal tunnel syndrome. In both cases, nerve stress and damage from repetitive use can cause numbness, pain, tingling, and a burning sensation.
In the case of your feet, inflammation and constriction of the tissues around the posterior tibial nerve can cause these uncomfortable sensations to radiate to the bottom of the foot and to the inward facing side of the ankle.
The causes and risk factors of tarsal tunnel syndrome include:
- Injuries such as ankle sprains and strains that contribute to nerve compression
- Having flat feet causes the foot to roll outward, increasing nerve stress
- Systemic diseases like diabetes, arthritis, and peripheral artery disease are risk factors
- A physical obstruction such as a varicose vein, ganglion cyst, or swollen tendon that is pressing on the nerve can cause the condition
Initial treatments for tarsal tunnel syndrome include:
- Resting and icing to lower inflammation and promote the healing response
- Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs to relieve pain and swelling
- Immobilization of the foot and ankle with a rigid boot to allow the nerves and tissues to heal
- Physical therapy to increase strength and flexibility
- Ultrasound treatments
- Custom made orthotic inserts combined with supportive and properly-fitted shoes
- Foot and ankle braces may be required to redistribute pressure
In severe cases that don’t respond to conservative methods, surgery may be needed to relieve pain and pressure.
Untreated, tarsal tunnel syndrome can evolve to cause permanent damage, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having pain in your heel when you first put weight on your foot at the beginning of your day or after a long time sitting in one place is an indication that you may have a condition called plantar fasciitis.
This foot condition is characterized by an inflammation of the connective tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot. The plantar fascia, as this tissue is called, helps to support your arch and provides the much needed cushioning and stress absorption your body needs. People who are on their feet all day for work and athletes who experience a lot of repetitive stress to their feet and ankles are more susceptible to this condition.
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms
- Back of the heel pain—A sharp, stabbing pain or something more dull and achy may be indicative of this condition.
- Inflammation in the arch—You may experience a burning sensation on the bottom of your foot that extends to the back of your heel.
- Foot stiffness—You may have problems bending your foot back and forth without pain and discomfort.
The best early treatments for plantar fasciitis include rest, icing, and stretching exercises. Medications such as Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help with any pain you have. Custom orthotic inserts may be suggested by your podiatrist to eliminate the pressure and redistribute weight to help support the heel.
Wearing properly fitted shoes, switching to low impact activities like cycling and swimming, and keeping your weight down will also contribute to healing. The benefits of physical therapy exercise to strengthen the muscles and increase flexibility in the tendons cannot be underestimated. Laser therapy can also help by increasing circulation, decreasing swelling, and speeding the healing response.
If you are experiencing the often unrelenting pain of plantar fasciitis, the help of your foot doctor is essential for the most efficacious treatment. Do not hesitate to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The best course of action if you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, especially if you can’t tell the exact cause, is to have your foot doctor do a complete exam to get right to the core of the problem and begin the proper treatment.
3 common causes of pain on the top of the foot include:
- Breaks and stress fractures—The bones on the top of your foot are really quite delicate and susceptible to injury such as from dropping something heavy on your foot, causing a broken bone. Conversely, a stress or hairline fracture in one of the bones on the top of the foot can happen slowly over time, eventually causing considerable pain that may difficult to diagnose and pinpoint without the help of your foot doctor.
- Poorly fitting shoes—Tightly fitting shoes can increase the pressure on the top of the foot causing rubbing and blisters. Always choose shoes with a wide toe box to give your forefoot enough room to move. Shoes that are too loose should also be avoided since they can cause unnecessary friction.
- Systemic diseases—Like arthritis and gout can contribute to swelling and tenderness in the bones, ligaments, and other tissues on the top of the foot. Patients who have diabetes may feel discomfort on the top of the foot that is caused by peripheral nerve damage.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot that is accompanied with difficulty with weight bearing, or if you have a cut or wound that is causing the problem, you should have an immediate evaluation by your podiatrist. For any pain you are having in your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Pain in the heel is often associated with plantar fasciitis, but it’s not the only possible cause of heel and arch pain. There are a variety of other conditions that can create a similar sensation in the foot but is caused by a totally different mechanism.
Three other possible sources of heel and arch pain:
Joint problems—Sometimes the cause of pain in the bottom of the foot or heel is caused by joint diseases such as arthritis. This pain can radiate to other areas of the foot and, without expert advice, may easily be misidentified as a soft tissue problem.
Soft tissue injuries—The ligaments, tendons, muscles and other softer tissues of the foot can become injured during while working out, causing an injury that mimics a plantar fascia injury. For example, the two peroneal tendons that run along the outside of the foot are sometimes the actual source of bottom-of-the-foot swelling and pain. A serious injury such as a torn ligament would require different treatment, and using the treatment for a plantar fascia injury can actually cause further damage.
Nerve disorders—Since problems with the functioning of nerves is an infrequent source of heel pain, it is often not considered. The stress and pressure that your feet absorb during exercise, along with improper gait mechanics and just normal aging, can adversely affect the peripheral nerves that run from the brain to your extremities.
Nerve related heel pain can be very similar to the pain caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, so it’s important to have a proper diagnosis by your foot care specialist in order to get the correct care. If you are experiencing heel pain and discomfort, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you are experiencing pain in your foot without an obvious cause, you may have suffered a stress fracture. The pain can tend to come and go, and often is increased during specific foot movements. Stress fractures are very small cracks in the bone that are caused by the repeated stress and pressure to the foot that comes with exercise and sporting activities. Bone deterioration from osteoporosis can also increase the likelihood of a stress fracture.
Other factors that can increase the possibility of stress fractures to the feet include:
- Calcium and vitamin D deficiency—Your bones need adequate vitamin D and calcium for proper growth. Bone weakening from lack of these nutrients can increase the chances of a stress fracture.
- Arch abnormalities—Individuals with rigid arches or flat feet are more susceptible to stress fractures in the feet, so be sure to have any arch problems corrected with the help of your foot doctor.
- Starting an exercise program too rapidly—Sometimes the sudden jolt to your bones of starting a new exercise program can be enough to cause a stress fracture. Always start off slowly, and gradually increase your strength and endurance to ward off stress fractures and a host of other foot problems.
Stress fracture pain will often gradually increase during activity and subside when the stress and weight is taken off the foot. There may also be bruising and swelling in the area of the pain. Stress fractures can be difficult to diagnose and treat properly, and proper treatment is essential to ensure that the bone heals correctly and does not adversely affect your foot mechanics.
If you suspect that you may have suffered a stress fracture to your foot, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!