Posts for category: Foot Conditions
Your feet can become severely swollen to the point where you can’t even get your shoes on. The cause can simply be fluid retention that can occur from your everyday activities. But swelling in the feet and ankles can also occur while sitting for long periods such as during a long bus ride or plane trip. Getting up and moving around a few times during the trip will help improve circulation and decrease any swelling.
5 common causes of swollen feet include the following:
- Edema—is the medical term for fluid retention in the soft tissues that lie underneath the skin. It is a condition that often occurs with aging and may also be a side effect of certain medications or from having too much sodium in your diet. Arthritis can also be a major contributor to fluid retention in the feet.
- Being severely overweight—Obesity increases the stress and pressure on your feet and ankles often causing redness, pain, and swelling.
- Side effects of medications—Antidepressants, corticosteroids, blood pressure reduction meds, and hormone replacement therapy can have the side effect of causing swelling in the feet and ankles.
- Poor blood circulation—Atherosclerosis and other artery and vein diseases can cause blood to pool in your extremities causing your feet to swell.
- Ankle sprains and other injuries—A twisting of your ankle can cause a sprain that can lead to severe swelling, pain, and discomfort. Even a minor sprain or injury can cause severe swelling.
If you are experiencing problems with swollen feet, you should see your podiatrist to determine the cause and to receive the best treatment. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Ganglion cysts are non-cancerous growths that will often show up as bumps on the top of your foot. They tend to grow on a tendon, ligament, or muscle and they are characterized by the fact that the soft sack is filled with fluid, but it doesn’t move around at all. The fluid is thick and jelly-like and ganglion cysts may sometimes be found in clusters. Since they can hide underneath a layer of skin, they can be difficult to identify without the help of your podiatrist.
Sometimes a ganglion cyst is found growing on a nerve which may cause a tingling sensation in your toes or other parts of the foot.
Treatment for ganglion cysts may include the following:
- Fluid removal—The fluid in the cyst is removed with a hypodermic needle and a steroid solution is added to prevent a return of the cyst.
- Custom orthotics—Specially-designed custom-made orthotic inserts can divert pressure from the cyst area and allow it to heal more rapidly.
Ganglion cysts are not always painful and may not cause any significant trouble. But be certain to pay attention to any unusual bumps on your feet, especially if they change color or size rapidly since it may be a sign of skin cancer. Cysts that do not respond well to conservative treatments may require surgery to treat properly.
If you think you may have a ganglion cyst or for any other foot or ankle problem you may be experiencing, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A bunion is a bony growth that grows on the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend inwards and push into the other toes. This type of bump can also occur in a smaller version on the pinky toe which is probably why it is called a bunionette. Bunions and bunionettes are the results of structural imbalances involving the tendons and ligaments that connect to the toes and help them to move.
Some of the signs that you are developing a bunion include:
- Bony bump—You will notice a bony protrusion growing on the side or top of the big toe joint.
- Toe bending—Because of the structural abnormalities affecting the joint, your big toe will bend towards your other toes. This will get progressively more pronounced if not treated.
- Skin discoloration—The skin covering the bony bump will appear much redder or darker than the surrounding skin.
- Calluses and corns—The thickened skin of a callus or corn may develop in response to the friction caused by over and underlapping toes
Treatment options for bunions include the following:
- Properly-fitting shoes with a wide toe box
- Custom orthotic inserts, toe splints, or braces to redistribute pressure
- Strength and flexibility exercises
- Surgical reduction of the bunion and toe realignment
Since the ligaments, tendons, and other tissues in the toe will become more stressed over time as the bunion grows, is very important to have the condition treated as early as possible to avoid painful nerve conditions like metatarsalgia. Arthritis and bursitis may also become more pronounced in a toe affected by a bunion.
If you suspect that you are developing a bunion, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Foot and ankle problems can become more difficult to treat as they progress. Since a foot or ankle problem may often be a sign of a systemic health problem, it is all the more important to get a proper diagnosis from your podiatrist and to pursue the recommended treatment, thus avoiding any chronic or more debilitating problems down the road.
Your feet and ankles form the foundation that the rest of your body depends upon for walking, running, and standing. With the myriad of bones, ligaments, tendons, and tissues in your feet and ankles that can sustain an injury, it is always best to have regular exams performed by your foot care professional to treat and prevent problems early and to help you experience your best foot and ankle health.
6 of the many reasons you should consult with your podiatrist include:
- Severe pain—If you have pain in your foot or ankle that doesn’t improve after several days of rest, icing, compression and elevation, you need to see your foot doctor immediately to check for the cause.
- Color changes to the skin or toenails—Skin and toenail color changes may be an indication of a fungal nail infection or possibly skin cancer.
- Toe deformities—Toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes need to be treated by your podiatrist before they worsen and require surgery.
- Skin abnormalities—Your podiatrist can expertly treat skin conditions such as corns and calluses without causing further complications from accidental cuts.
- Numbness, tingling, and swelling—These symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions including diabetes, gout, and peripheral artery disease.
- Cuts or wounds that don’t heal quickly—Individuals battling diabetes have to be especially careful with cuts and scrapes since ulcerating infections can quickly occur and amputation of a toe or foot can rapidly become necessary.
If you are experiencing pain and discomfort in your feet and ankles, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
A hammertoe deformity is characterized by one or more of your middle toes abnormally bending at the joints, causing the toe to take on the shape of a hammer, hence the name. Because of the rubbing of the bent toe on your footwear, you may also notice corns, calluses, and other problems like blisters forming in response.
Hammertoes result from an imbalance between the tendon and muscle that usually hold the toe in the correct position. The imbalance can be inherited and is often exacerbated by wearing high heeled shoes or ones that don’t offer enough arch support. Damage to the foot from an accident or injury or from arthritic complications can also cause or exacerbate hammertoes.
Hammertoes do not improve on their own, so it is important to visit your foot care professional for treatment.
Conservative treatments for hammertoes include:
- The right shoes—Low heeled shoes with a roomy toe box will help relieve the pressure that is contributing to the bending of the toe.
- Strapping and splinting—These devices can be used to realign the bent toes.
- Medications—Steroid injections and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or other medications can reduce pain and swelling.
- Stretching—Exercises such as picking up small stones with your toes can help increase strength and flexibility.
- Orthotics—Specially-fabricated shoe inserts can control the imbalance between the muscle and tendon that is causing the toe to bend in the first place.
- Isolation pads—Corns and calluses can be cushioned to eliminate the source of rubbing.
If your hammertoes are very rigid or painful, surgery may be necessary to straighten them out. This can usually be performed on an outpatient basis by your foot care specialist, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!