Posts for category: Foot Conditions, foot pain
Your feet create the foundation for the rest of your body to stand on, so when you neglect problems with your feet and ankles it can have far-reaching consequences. Fallen arches (also called flat feet) is one of those conditions that if left untreated can lead to a variety of other problems including severe pain in your feet, ankles, knees, hips, and back due to the overpronation that fallen arches can produce.
Flat feet can also cause headaches due to this abnormal way of walking, so it’s essential to have your feet inspected and properly treated by a podiatrist.
Some of the causes of fallen arches
Toddlers and infants often have flat feet because their arches are still in the developmental stages and they usually outgrow the problem. Some individuals continue to have flat feet as they age and experience no adverse effects. Other people experience problematic fallen arches as they age and tendons and muscles loosen. Sprains and fractures are also contributors to problems with fallen arches.
Treatment of fallen arches may include the following:
- The right shoes and supports—Properly fitted shoes with the right arch and heel support are extremely effective in the treatment of fallen arches. You can try store brands, but for the best treatment custom-made orthotics that fit your feet precisely are the most therapeutic.
- Physical therapy— Your foot doctor will recommend a variety of strengthening and flexibility exercises for your feet and ankles to help stretch and strengthen the muscles, tendons and other tissues and avoid future injuries.
If you are experiencing problems with fallen arches, the sooner you seek the assistance of a foot specialist the less likely you are to suffer from any complications down the road. If you suspect that you may have fallen arches, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having a feeling that there is a small object such as a pebble in your shoe is the main symptom of a condition called Morton’s neuroma. It occurs when a metatarsal ligament traps a nerve causing inflammation and discomfort that usually presents between the second and third, or third and fourth metatarsal bones that lead to your toes. If you don’t have an actual rock in your footwear that is causing this feeling, then you should visit your podiatrist for proper evaluation and treatment.
The actual cause of neuromas is still under investigation, but it often appears to be a result of injury and pressure that pushes on the nerves that run into your toes. Women are diagnosed with this ailment nearly three times as often as men due to the deleterious effects of wearing high heeled shoes. High impact sports such as tennis, jogging, and basketball, and any actions which cause repetitive stress to the feet, can also contribute to this condition. Individuals with foot deformities including bunions and flat feet are also more susceptible.
Treatment Options for Morton’s Neuroma
Depending on the severity of your neuroma and your particular situation, your foot doctor will customize your treatment. Suggestions may include the following:
- Change your shoes—Shoes with a wider toe box will help to relieve pressure on the interdigital nerve that is often inflamed by this condition.
- Limiting activities—Reducing the wear and tear to your feet by taking it easy with sports or other strenuous activities.
- Orthotic inserts—Properly placed custom orthotic inserts and foam pads may help to relieve pressure and irritation by shifting the stress to other parts of the foot.
- Anti-inflammatory medications—Ibuprofen or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will reduce pain.
- Icing—Applying ice to the area for 15 minutes several times a day can help reduce swelling and pain.
- Steroid injections—These can provide long-term relief but may also be implicated as the cause of damage to surrounding soft tissues after repeated use.
If you feel like you have a pebble in your shoe, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The tarsal tunnel is a channel that exists in between part of your ankle bone and a bevy of ligaments that span across your foot. This tunnel carries the nerves, tendons, and arteries that allow you to use your foot. One of the main nerves inside the tarsal tunnel is the tibial nerve, which is necessary for providing feeling to the bottom of your foot. This nerve can become inflamed and irritated due to excessive pressure causing the condition known as tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS).
Diseases or injuries that may produce the pressure that initiates this disease include:
● A varicose vein or bone spur
● Swelling due to an ankle injury
● Arthritis and diabetes
● Flat feet or fallen arches
Some of the symptoms of TTS include the following:
● Foot numbness
● Tingling or burning sensation
● Shooting pain
A diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome is often a difficult matter due to the fact that other conditions can cause similar symptoms, so it is very important to consult with your podiatrist to devise the most efficacious treatment plan. Your foot doctor will perform a complete clinical exam followed by imaging studies (X-ray, CT or MRI), and electrical testing such as EMG or nerve conduction studies may be required to confirm this diagnosis.
Non-surgical treatment options include:
● Steroid injections
● NSAIDS for pain and inflammation
● Braces, splints and orthotic inserts to reduce the pressure on the nerve
In difficult cases where conservative treatments do not relieve pain and discomfort, you may require the intervention of a skilled foot doctor to surgically release the pressure on the nerve.
If you suspect that you may have tarsal tunnel inflammation, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are thick layers of skin that most commonly form on your hands, feet, fingers and toes. When they appear on your feet, it is usually the result of excess friction and pressure created by badly fitting footwear. Calluses, which tend to be bigger than corns, are commonly located on the bottoms of the feet, in the sole or ball area. They feel very rough and hardened, whereas corns are usually much smaller and usually contain a hard center surrounded by tender and swollen skin.
In either case, the treatment options are similar and may consist of the following:
- Padding and protective insoles can provide relief.
- Try pumice stones or emery boards to help safely remove dead skin.
- As much as possible, try to decrease the repetitive action that may have caused them.
- Avoid tight footwear that creates excess pressure, or loose fitting shoes that may cause rubbing and irritation.
- Wear socks with your shoes and sandals as much as possible to decrease excess friction.
- Application of salicylic acid liquid or patches may be used to help dissolve the hardened skin.
- Soaking the skin prior to acid application makes these removal methods more effective.
Individuals with diabetes, foot deformities, or other health problems that can cause decreased blood flow or numbness, need to be very careful when attempting to remove corns and calluses. It is always best to consult with a podiatrist before attempting any treatment on your own to help avoid any complications that may be caused by excessive bleeding or infection. Even a small cut can quickly turn into a serious issue that could even lead to amputation.
If you need assistance caring for your corns and calluses, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The feeling of having a pebble in your shoe is how a condition known as Morton’s neuroma is often described. It happens in the ball of the foot, between the middle toes (usually the third and fourth) and is characterized by a thickening of the tissue around a major nerve that connects to the toes. When this nerve becomes injured or compressed, it causes numbness and a burning sensation in addition to severe pain and discomfort.
Women who wear high heeled shoes are prone to developing Morton’s neuroma. Any tight-fitting shoes or boots that squeeze the toes together, such as those used in rock climbing and skiing, can be problematic. Runners are also more likely to develop this condition due to the repeated stress and pounding their feet take. If you have other foot abnormalities including hammertoes or flatfeet, you are more susceptible to this problem.
Morton’s neuroma can very often be successfully treated by conservative measures that include the following:
- Change to better fitting shoes—Wearing shoes that have more toe room and a lower heel cup will often allow the nerve to rest and heal.
- Orthotic shoe inserts—In addition to correcting problems caused by flatfeet, inserts can also lift and separate the bones between the toes and decrease the pressure on the nerve thereby promoting healing.
- Cortisone injections—These can help lower inflammation and reduce nerve compression.
If this condition goes untreated, permanent damage may result. It is also possible that the pain in the ball of your foot is caused by something else such as arthritis or a stress fracture, so be sure to see your foot care professional for the correct diagnosis and treatment.
For more expert advice on Morton’s neuroma treatment, consult with our board certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!