Posts for category: Common Foot Conditions
Orthotics are specially-made shoe inserts used to treat many foot and ankle problems and also to help increase athletic performance. Since achieving optimum weight distribution is essential to the proper functioning of your feet and ankles, you should have a computerized gait analysis performed by your foot doctor to see if your feet and ankles are functioning properly. Correcting problems with pronation can also have great beneficial effects on your knees, hips, and back as well.
For patients who have diabetes, orthotic inserts can be combined with special shoes to improve balance and help prevent falls. They can also isolate foot ulcers to improve healing.
Some of the conditions treated with orthotic inserts include the following:
- Correct faulty gait mechanics
- Treat diabetic foot ulcers
- Heel pain from plantar fasciitis
- Toe deformities including bunions and hammertoes
- Ankle sprains and strains
- Nerve disorders
- Breaks and stress fractures
Your foot doctor can use a computerized gait analysis to see how you walk in real time and then formulate the precise orthotic inserts that will correct alignment problems. Additionally, orthotic pads and cushions can be used for heel lifting and isolation.
In patients who have diabetes, muscle weakening often affects the extremities. Orthotic braces can be used with diabetic footwear to improve balance and stability.
For help with arch problems and to get the perfect custom orthotic inserts, consult with the foot doctors at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Our team of board-certified podiatrists includes Greg Khaimov, DPM, FACFAS, Daniel Pollack, DPM, FACFAS, Walter Majdanski, DPM, AACFAS, Yakov Haimof, DPM, Mathew Yagudayev, DPM, AACFAS, and Kevin Jeong, DPM. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Gout is often thought of as a condition affecting older people and it is most common between the ages of 40 and 60. But gout can occur in men and women who are much younger and older. The big toe and ankle joints are frequently affected by symptoms of extreme pain and tenderness to the touch.
Gout is the body’s response to too much uric acid in the blood. While uric acid is a normal component of blood, when the concentration is too high it will crystallize into the peripheral joints causing considerable pain.
Some causes of and contributing factors to a gout attack include the following:
● Having high blood pressure
● High stress
● Chemotherapy side effects
● Certain medications and vitamins
Some excellent recommendations to treat a gout attack and to avoid getting gout in the first place include the following:
- Avoid consuming beverages and foods high in purines like shellfish, organ meats, red wine, beer, and organ meats
- Prescription medications like allopurinol can be used to decrease uric acid and treat pain and swelling
- Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages which can cause dehydration and increase uric acid
- Avoid putting any weight on the foot as much as possible and raise the foot above your heart to help reduce swelling and discomfort.
The symptoms of a gout attack will usually subside within a few hours or days. If you have repeated gout attacks, treatment with long-term medication may be appropriate and will help avoid permanent damage to the joints.
If you are having foot or ankle problems caused by gout, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having the feeling that your feet are burning can range from just a little discomfort to something so severe that the pain wakes you up at night. There are a wide variety of conditions that can cause the feeling of burning feet, with some of them also causing numbness or a pins-and-needles sensation.
Decreased blood flow to the legs and feet due to PAD (peripheral artery disease) can create the sensation of burning feet. Other causes of burning feet could be a skin infection or just ordinary fatigue that causes your feet to become inflamed. Diagnosing the actual cause of burning feet can be quite complicated since the phenomenon is often an indication of nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy), the cause of which can be difficult to diagnose.
Some causes and contributing factors to burning feet include the following:
- A constricted nerve
- Athlete’s foot infection
- Kidney problems
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
- Vitamin and nutrient deficiencies
- Complications from diabetes
- Alcoholic neuropathy
- HIV infection
- Exposure to toxic chemicals
- Lyme and other tick-borne illnesses
- Chemotherapy side effects
If you have a persistent burning sensation in your feet that is becoming more and more painful, make an appointment with your foot care professional for the correct diagnosis and treatment. Without the right treatment, it is possible that you could lose all feeling in your feet and toes.
Once the cause of your burning feet is determined, your podiatrist will develop a comprehensive treatment program. If you are suffering from burning feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
If you notice a painful bump on the back of your heel at the location where your Achilles tendon attaches to the bone, then you may have a Haglund’s deformity. While this abnormality frequently affects women who wear high heels and is known as the “pump bump,” it can similarly affect anyone who wears shoes with tight, rigid backs.
People who have flat feet and those with tight Achilles tendons are more susceptible to developing Haglund’s deformity since these conditions increase the pressure on the heel that causes the bony enlargement to develop. Some of the symptoms include extreme heel pain, swelling, and blistering, and bursitis may also be evident.
Initial treatment for Haglund’s deformity
Eliminating the source of the irritation by wearing shoes that don’t rub on the heel will help immediately. Try wearing backless footwear like sandals or clogs to give your heels a rest. Applying ice packs to the heel will help to reduce swelling. Simple heel pads added to your footwear backs can also ease pain and rubbing. If you have a tight Achilles tendon or high arches, always use the correct arch supports and perform daily tendon stretching exercises suggested by your podiatrist. Ibuprofen or other over-the-counter pain relievers can reduce swelling and discomfort.
Further treatment options for Haglund’s deformity
If the bump continues to get larger and if the pain becomes worse, there are several other options for treatment that may include:
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts—By redistributing the pressure on the heel, these inserts can relieve swelling, rubbing, and discomfort.
- Foot immobilization—In severe cases, it may be necessary to wear a walking boot or soft cast so the foot has a chance to properly heal.
If these methods do not improve the condition, a surgical procedure may be necessary to reshape the bone.
If you are suffering with heel pain, consult with our board certified podiatrists atFoot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!