Keeping your feet healthy and in optimal shape can be difficult, but wearing the right shoes that are properly sized and fitted is the most important factor in avoiding injury, pain, and discomfort. Always choose a shoe that is made for the activity in which you will be engaged, and be sure to replace your footwear whenever it becomes worn out and unsupportive.
Two essential shoe tips for happy feet include:
- Footwear that is the right size—Many folks underestimate the amount of change their feet experience in a year. Your feet flatten out and become wider as you age, and the size can change as much as a half an inch year to year. Try to go shopping for shoes at the end of your day when your feet have reached their maximum size. Be sure to get both feet measured since one foot may have changed more than the other. It’s not uncommon for your two feet to be a half size or more apart in length.
- Proper arch and ball support—Correct arch and ball support are essential for proper foot mechanics. Always have your arch type properly determined with a computerized gait analysis (your podiatrist can do this) and make sure you use orthotic inserts to correct any of these gait abnormalities. The ball of the foot needs to be well supported and orthotics can also help in that regard. Having your arch and ball properly supported will help avoid many foot and ankle injuries and also helps alignment of your knees, hips, and back.
For help getting the perfect shoes for your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Ganglion cysts are non-cancerous growths that will often show up as bumps on the top of your foot. They tend to grow on a tendon, ligament, or muscle and they are characterized by the fact that the soft sack is filled with fluid, but it doesn’t move around at all. The fluid is thick and jelly-like and ganglion cysts may sometimes be found in clusters. Since they can hide underneath a layer of skin, they can be difficult to identify without the help of your podiatrist.
Sometimes a ganglion cyst is found growing on a nerve which may cause a tingling sensation in your toes or other parts of the foot.
Treatment for ganglion cysts may include the following:
- Fluid removal—The fluid in the cyst is removed with a hypodermic needle and a steroid solution is added to prevent a return of the cyst.
- Custom orthotics—Specially-designed custom-made orthotic inserts can divert pressure from the cyst area and allow it to heal more rapidly.
Ganglion cysts are not always painful and may not cause any significant trouble. But be certain to pay attention to any unusual bumps on your feet, especially if they change color or size rapidly since it may be a sign of skin cancer. Cysts that do not respond well to conservative treatments may require surgery to treat properly.
If you think you may have a ganglion cyst or for any other foot or ankle problem you may be experiencing, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
While the joint stiffening and damage caused by arthritis often affect the hands, back, knees, and hips, it can become a problem for your feet and ankles too, adversely affecting your ability to walk and exercise.
Early detection and treatment are essential to slowing the progression of this disease. Custom-made orthotic inserts used with the appropriate footwear can decrease the pain and increase mobility.
2 of the common types of arthritis that cause pain in the feet and ankles include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—When your immune system mistakenly regards the lining of your joints (the synovium) as a threat, the result is the unfortunate removal of the insulating material that separates your bones, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness. Massage and a relaxing foot soak will help relieve symptoms and medications can reduce pain and inflammation.
- Osteoarthritis—This is the kind of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on your joints over time. As the insulating cartilage in the joints lessens, the bones can rub directly against each other causing swelling, pain, and severe stiffness. Gout and psoriatic arthritis can also cause these symptoms. Physical therapy exercises to increase flexibility and strength will help maintain foot function and slow the progression.
A consultation with your foot care professional is essential to proper treatment of foot and ankle arthritis. A podiatrist will also identify other causes of foot and ankle pain that may be exacerbating your arthritic condition.
If you are concerned about foot and ankle arthritis, contact our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Peroneal tendonitis is one of the less common causes of potentially debilitating pain in the arch and on the outside of the foot. The peroneus longus and the peroneus brevis are the two tendons that support the side of the foot. These tendons then go on to make their connection to the muscles in the lower part of the leg.
The radiating arch pain of peroneal tendonitis has symptoms that are similar to the pain caused by plantar fasciitis, but the treatments for these two conditions are quite different. In fact, peroneal tendons heal rather rapidly when the source of the stress is removed, unlike the plantar fascia which can take weeks to rebound after a serious injury.
Your peroneal tendons are instrumental for providing ankle stability and for allowing your foot to roll out. They also play a role in the formation of the arch.
Initial symptoms will be severe pain and tenderness along the tendons on the outside of your foot, especially during exercise or when you try to roll your foot on the outer edge.
Some treatment options for peroneal tendonitis include:
● Resting, icing, and elevating the foot
● Stretching and flexing the foot and the calf muscles
● Balance improvement exercises
● Ultrasound healing
Be sure to see your podiatrist for proper custom-made arch supports and shoe inserts. Store-bought supports may not properly shift the pressure off the side of the foot and will merely exacerbate the problem.
If you have pain on the side of your foot, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
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