Since there are many possible problems that can cause pain on the top of your foot, you should always see your foot doctor for any pain and discomfort that lasts for more than a few days.
Some common reasons for top of the foot pain include the following:
- Poorly fitting shoes—Shoes that are too tight increase the pressure and stress to the top of the foot causing swelling, painful redness and blistering. Shoes that are too loose can also cause rubbing, so always have new footwear properly fitted at least once a year.
- Diseases—Diabetes, arthritis, and gout can all cause swelling and tenderness around the bones, tendons, and other tissues on top of the foot. Numbness and tingling from peripheral nerve damage caused by diabetes are also often experienced at the top of the foot.
- Fractures—Many very small bones are located in the foot, especially on the top, and these can be easily injured by stubbing your big toe or by dropping something heavy on your foot. You can also experience hairline or stress fractures on the top of the foot that can be detected by a physical exam and confirmed with imaging tests.
- Hormone imbalance—Pain and swelling on the top of the foot are common during pregnancy or menopause and is often exacerbated by changing hormone levels.
If you are experiencing pain on the top of your foot, you need to consult with your board certified foot doctor for the correct diagnosis and treatment. We highly recommend that you consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Your feet can become severely swollen to the point where you can’t even get your shoes on. The cause can simply be fluid retention that can occur from your everyday activities. But swelling in the feet and ankles can also occur while sitting for long periods such as during a long bus ride or plane trip. Getting up and moving around a few times during the trip will help improve circulation and decrease any swelling.
5 common causes of swollen feet include the following:
- Edema—is the medical term for fluid retention in the soft tissues that lie underneath the skin. It is a condition that often occurs with aging and may also be a side effect of certain medications or from having too much sodium in your diet. Arthritis can also be a major contributor to fluid retention in the feet.
- Being severely overweight—Obesity increases the stress and pressure on your feet and ankles often causing redness, pain, and swelling.
- Side effects of medications—Antidepressants, corticosteroids, blood pressure reduction meds, and hormone replacement therapy can have the side effect of causing swelling in the feet and ankles.
- Poor blood circulation—Atherosclerosis and other artery and vein diseases can cause blood to pool in your extremities causing your feet to swell.
- Ankle sprains and other injuries—A twisting of your ankle can cause a sprain that can lead to severe swelling, pain, and discomfort. Even a minor sprain or injury can cause severe swelling.
If you are experiencing problems with swollen feet, you should see your podiatrist to determine the cause and to receive the best treatment. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
The condition called metatarsalgia is a major source of pain in the ball of the foot. Since your foot ball is right behind your big toe on the bottom of your foot, it absorbs much of the stress and pressure from walking, standing, and exercising and is frequently the source of intense foot pain. The area where the three middle toes meet with the ball is often affected.
4 causes of pain in the ball of the foot include the following:
- Tight or loose-fitting shoes—Footwear with a narrow toe box such as high-heeled shoes push the toes together and constrict foot and toe movement. Shoes that are worn out and don’t provide the correct support and cushioning will also contribute to ball of the foot pain.
- Fractures— in the toe bones will cause pain in the ball of the foot.
- Neuroma—A neuroma is a growth of fibrous tissue that often occurs between the third and fourth toe bones, causing severe pain and discomfort.
- Hereditary influence—People who have hereditary conditions like high arches or a second toe that is longer than the big toe are more likely to experience pain in the ball of the foot.
Metatarsalgia, as well as the other problems that occur in the ball of the foot, can create radiating pain in your knees, hips, and back. Always have your feet evaluated and properly treated by a foot doctor well versed in all the possibilities to help avoid future complications. Consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Having your toenail grow into the tender skin on the edge of your toe is an extremely painful occurrence that can also lead to a bacterial or fungal toenail infection. An ingrown toenail can be especially troublesome for patients who have diabetes since a bacterial infection can quickly spread and may lead to amputation.
The symptoms of an ingrown toenail will include swelling, pain, tenderness, and redness where the nail and skin meet. You will often have extreme pain when you wear shoes that push on the affected toenail.
While having excessively curved nails can be an inherited tendency, you can still avoid ingrown toenails by following some basic procedures.
3 tips to prevent ingrown toenails include:
- Cut your toenails carefully—Always cut your toenails straight across and keep them a bit on the long side so the edge of the nail can grow over your skin instead of into it. If you have trouble cutting your toenails, have it done at your podiatrist’s office to avoid cuts and complications.
- Wear properly fitted shoes—Tight-fitting shoes such as high heels are very hard on your feet and are particularly bad for your toes. They force extra weight on your toes which increases pressure on the edges of the toenails and causes them to grow into the tender skin. Wear shoes with a wide toe box so your toes can move freely.
- Protect your feet—One of the main causes of ingrown toenails is from injuring your toe by stubbing or dropping something heavy on it. Always wear protective footwear and steel-toed inserts if you work in a dangerous environment.
If you are having problems with painful ingrown toenails, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Your Achilles tendon, which is the largest tendon in your body, is essential for doing everyday activities like walking and climbing stairs. So when you have an injury to this tendon (which connects your heel bone to your calf muscle), the resulting pain and discomfort can be extremely debilitating, causing a condition known as Achilles tendonitis.
The Achilles tendon is thick and tough, but it has a hard job to do. This tendon often becomes inflamed, swollen, and tender from repetitive stress and the pressure of overuse. As with all tendon strains, immediate attention to the problem will help to avoid a worsening of symptoms and will speed the recovery process and avoid downtime.
Achilles tendonitis is a common condition in athletes, dancers, and anyone who is on their feet all day doing repetitive motions. All the stress can combine to severely overload the tendon, causing stretching or possibly even completely breaking the tendon. When that happens, a loud snap is often heard followed by extreme pain.
For a more minor Achilles tendon pull, continuing to perform the exercise that caused it can rapidly increase the severity of the condition. It’s best to stop and evaluate the damage before continuing.
Treatments for less severe Achilles tendonitis include the following:
- Rest and elevate the affected foot to reduce swelling and pain
- Hot and cold compress therapy can help
- Physical therapy exercises to stretch the calf muscle are useful in many cases
- Custom orthotic inserts can redirect pressure away from the heel area
- Low-impact activities like swimming should be substituted until the tendon heals
For a severely stretched or torn Achilles tendon, surgery may be necessary for complete healing to occur. If you are having problems with Achilles tendonitis, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
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